Study Material For Cisco Students

Study Material For Cisco Ccna Ccnp And Ccie Students

Rene Molenaar is a Cisco Certified System Instructor (Ccsi) and the creator of the site gns3vault.com which provides free Cisco labs for Ccna, Ccnp and Ccie R&S based on the Gns3 emulator. Do you want your Ccna or Ccnp Certificate? The How to Master series helps you to understand complex topics like spanning-tree, Vlans, trunks, Ospf, Eigrp, Bgp and more. Gns3 Vault is a better resource than Gns3 labs. Continue reading...

Study Material For Cisco Ccna Ccnp And Ccie Students Summary

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Ccie Cs Written Exam General Knowledge Blueprint

Half of each C& S written test contains questions from the general knowledge blueprint. The general knowledge blueprint is a subset of the CCIE R& S blueprint. The CCIE C& S general knowledge blueprint includes the following Cisco device operation, general networking theory, bridging and LAN switching, WAN media, IP theory, IP routing protocols, and performance management. This book helps prepare you for the general knowledge portion of the CCIE C& S exam. The CCIE C& S general knowledge blueprint is described in the next section.

Sample CCIE Routing and Switching Lab I

Criterionchart For Procrastination

NOTE Although the aim of this book is to help prepare you for the CCIE Security written exam, I include this appendix as bonus material for a few reasons. First, even though this is a sample lab for the CCIE Routing and Switching lab exam, it gives you an idea of the level of tasks involved in a CCIE lab examination. Second, being a triple CCIE myself, I recognize that if you are interested in attaining CCIE Security certification, you might be curious about the other CCIE options, as well. This appendix is designed to assist you in your final preparation for the lab portion of the most popular CCIE certification to date, CCIE Routing and Switching (CCIE R& S). There are two versions of the R& S lab in this guide. This appendix includes a complex routing lab designed for readers who have access to a generous amount of equipment. Appendix D, Sample CCIE Routing and Switching Lab II, is a sample lab with the same level of difficulty but with only four routers. This gives you...

CCIE Lab Exam Frequently Asked Questions

The following are some frequently asked questions regarding the difficult one-day CCIE Lab Examination A October 2001. All CCIE certification labs around the world are testing candidates in the new one-day format. Research Triangle Park, North Carolina Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada Sao Paulo, Brazil Brussels, Belgium Johannesburg, South Africa E-mail ccie ucsa cisco.com Tel +86 10 6526 7777 Ext. 5710 Fax +86 10 8518 2096 E-mail ccie apt cisco.com Tel +61 2 8446 6135 Fax +61 2 8448 7980 E-mail ccie apt cisco.com E-mail ccie cisco.co.jp A E-mail your question to ccie cisco.com. The CCIE team responds to all questions. A You will be escorted outside the lab. You will receive an e-mail notification within 24 hours. The e-mail notification will notify you that the result of your lab attempt is available online at A In addition to becoming a CCIE, you also gain access to an exclusive CCIE chat forum and CCIE merchandise, and you get a CCIE medallion and certificate. Cisco also provides a...

CCIE Security Lab Exam FAQs

The following are some frequently asked questions about the difficult 1-day CCIE Security lab exam. October 2001. All CCIE certification labs worldwide now test candidates in the 1-day format. 2. Where can I take the CCIE Security lab exam Locations where you can take the CCIE Security lab exam follow You can find more information at scheduling_lab_exam.html. E-mail your question to ccie cisco.com. All questions receive a response from the CCIE team within 72 hours. In addition to becoming a CCIE, you also gain access to exclusive CCIE chat forums and merchandise, and you receive a CCIE plaque and certificate. Expect these to be mailed to you between 3 and 6 months after your test date, depending in what part of the world you reside. You are permitted to bring only necessary medication and a dictionary. No other materials are permitted. Cisco provides refreshments at all CCIE lab sites. Lunch is also provided during a lunch break (30 minutes). The lunch break is mandatory and CCIE...

CCIE Security Self Study Lab Part I Goals

The goal of Part I of this sample lab is to ensure that you provide a working IP network solution quickly and adhere to the guidelines given. You should take no longer than 4 hours to complete Part I. Starting in October 2004, the CCIE Security lab exam has some of the basic Frame Relay and routing protocols already configured, to allow candidates more time on security features. The following is a list of technology topics now preconfigured for the lab candidate This section is preserved, however, to allow readers to appreciate the level of expertise required in this most difficult CCIE certification track.

Ccie Cs Written Exam General Knowledge Objectives

Table 1-2 lists the CCIE C& S general knowledge objectives from the published blueprint and the corresponding chapters in this book that cover those objectives. Table 1-2 CCIE C& S Written Exam General Knowledge Objectives Table 1-2 CCIE C& S Written Exam General Knowledge Objectives Table 1-2 CCIE C& S Written Exam General Knowledge Objectives (Continued) Table 1-2 CCIE C& S Written Exam General Knowledge Objectives (Continued) Table 1-2 CCIE C& S Written Exam General Knowledge Objectives (Continued)

The CCIE Practical Exam Preparation and CCIE Practice Labs

These words come from one of my personal heroes, retired General Colin Powell. His words of advice ring true for soldiers as well as anyone striving to become a CCIE. There exists no single source of CCIE knowledge, no all-in-one book, including this text, that will get you into the ranks of the CCIEs. And as Powell's words echo, don't waste time looking for them. At the time of this writing, September 2001, Cisco states that there are 6678 active CCIEs in the world. When you compare this number to how Cisco predominates the market, the ranks of the CCIEs still remain very slim. The CCIE program is constantly changing to reflect current market trends. In 1997, all the tests were made standard. In 1999, Cisco offered more then the core routing and switching exam. You could specialize in WAN switching, or SNA and others. These specialization certifications also have changed in recent years. In 2000, voice and ATM where introduced, whereas years before that, switches were emerging in the...

Format of the CCNA Exams

The INTRO, ICND, and CCNA exams all follow the same general format. When you get to the testing center and check in, the proctor will give you some general instructions and then take you into a quiet room with a PC. When you're at the PC, you have a few things to do before the timer starts on your exam for instance, you can take a sample quiz, just to get accustomed to the PC and to the testing engine. Anyone who has user-level skills in getting around a PC will have no problems with the testing envinronment. The best way to prepare for simulated lab questions is to practice with real gear. You can actually find sites where CCNA lab access is free over the Internet I did a search from www.google.com tonight, searching for free CCNA labs, and the first three hits were (seemingly) legitimate offers for free lab access for CCNA study. You can also use a simulator product, such as Cisco Press's CCNA Router and Switch eSIM. A special version of Boson's Netsim product, compiled specifically...

FAQs About the CCIE Security Written Exam

This section answers some common questions about the written CCIE Security exam. These frequently asked questions should help dispel any confusion surrounding this exam. 1. How many questions are on the CCIE Security written exam You do not need to fax your test results to your nearest CCIE lab administrator. Visit the following URL to set a lab exam 9. Where can I find further information about the CCIE Security exam Cisco provides additional information online

Using This Book to Prepare for the CCIE Security Written Exam

Cisco Systems offers many different varieties and levels of career certifications, including the three current CCIE certification tracks. This book helps prepare you for the written exam ( 350-018) for the CCIE Security certification. The CCIE program has existed for almost 10 years. The relative complexity of the CCIE examinations prompted Cisco to introduce associate and professional levels of certification to provide candidates a way to progress through the various levels of certification. Though many of these lower levels of certification have prerequisites to go along with the written exams, CCIE certification does not have any prerequisites. To become a CCIE, you need to pass two exams a written exam and a one-day lab exam. By introducing these lower-level certifications, Cisco has maintained the complexity of the CCIE examinations. Passing any CCIE examination by reading only one book is still difficult. Being adequately prepared requires plenty of on-the-job experience and...

CCIE Recommended Study Resources and Topics Outline

This book serves as only one of many that you will have to read during your studies. The following books are a brief list of the ones that will be of great value during your studies another list is provided on the CCIE page, mentioned previously Cisco Press CCIE Network Design and Case Studies Table 18-1 provides a rough outline (but by no means a complete list) of CCIE study topics. It offers a solid starting point for a list of topics that the CCIE candidate should become very familiar with. Table 18-1. CCIE Study Topic Outline Table 18-1. CCIE Study Topic Outline The practice labs are designed to give you an accurate representation of what a CCIE Lab Exam actually looks like. Many topics on the practice labs are not covered in this volume. As mentioned previously, one book not even one this size can possibly cover all the topics on the CCIE exam, at least in any depth. Topics such as BGP, IPX, multicast, and IPSec will be covered in CCIE Practical Studies, Volume II. CCIE Practice...

CCIE Lab Exam Test Format

Passing the qualification examination is the easier part of the CCIE exam journey. To pass the lab exam, your life needs to change dramatically, and you need to study on routers full time for at least three to six months. The good news is that the format of the lab examination has changed from two full days to one day only. You are no longer required to troubleshoot a network (regarded as the true method to test a CCIE's ability to restore a network back to full IP connectivity) you are now required to configure only a set number of features. http tools.cisco.com CCIE Schedule Lab jsp login.jsp Ensure that you practice with and understand these devices. Practice configuring almost every IOS feature, and fully understand what each IOS command actually enables, instead of relying on limited experience with certain commands. Anyone can configure a Cisco router, but the ability to understand the full consequence of a command is crucial to passing the CCIE Lab Examination.

CCIE Security Self Study Lab 391

CCIE Security Self-Study Lab Part I Goals 392 CCIE Security Self-Study Lab Part II Goals 393 CCIE Security Self-Study Lab Part I Basic Network Connectivity (4 Hours) 397 Basic Frame Relay Setup 397 Physical Connectivity 403 Catalyst Ethernet Switch Setup I 403 Catalyst Ethernet Switch Setup II 408 IP Host Lookup and Disable DNS 414 PIX Configuration 414 IGP Routing 419 Basic ISDN Configuration 432 CCIE Security Self-Study Lab Part II Advanced Security Design (4 Hours) 442 IP Access List 442 Prevent Denial-of-Service Attacks 444 Time-Based Access List 446 Dynamic Access List Lock and Key Feature 448 IOS Firewall Configuration on R5 450 IPSec Configuration 452 Advanced PIX Configuration 458 ACS Configuration 461

How to Use These Books to Prepare for the CCNA Exam

If you are using this book to study for the INTRO exam, just follow the plan outlined in the last few pages. However, to use this book to study for the CCNA exam, you really should use both this book and the CCNA ICND Exam Certification Guide. (By the way, if you've not bought this book yet and you want both, you can generally get the pair cheaper by buying a set, called the CCNA Certification Library.) These two books were designed to be used together to help those who want to get their CCNA certification by taking a single exam. Notice that the names of four of the six parts in the CCNA INTRO Exam Certification Guide match the names of all five parts in the CCNA ICND Exam Certification Guide. Essentially, when you complete a section of the first book, if there is a like-named section of the second book, you move over and read that section. After finishing that section in the CCNA ICND Exam Certification Guide, you move back to the CCNA INTRO Exam Certification Guide. Figure I-2...

CCIE Security Self Study

This chapter is designed to assist you in your final preparation for the CCIE Security exam by providing you with an extensive lab that incorporates many of the technologies and concepts covered throughout this book. This lab requires a broad perspective and knowledge base. Any knowledge you have acquired through the practical examples presented in this guide and reallife network implementations will help you achieve the end goal a routable network according to the security design criteria. The CCIE lab exam was traditionally a 2-day lab held in various world-wide locations such as Sydney and Brussels along with the traditional sites based in San Jose and Raleigh. However, when the CCIE Security lab exam was introduced, it contained only a 1-day lab portion. In the 1-day CCIE Security lab practical exam, the candidate is presented with a number of simple and complex tasks, starting from the physical layer of the OSI model and continuing up to the application layer. Recent changes to...

CCIE Security Examinations

This appendix describes some study tips and options for you to consider while preparing for the CCIE Security written and lab examinations. CCIE is regarded as the most sought-after certification in the industry today more and more vendors are devising their own certification programs and trying to catch up to the industry-leading Cisco Systems. Working in the CCIE program for the past two years, I have seen many changes and challenges facing potential CCIEs every day. At the end of 2004, there were over 11,000 CCIEs, and the number is growing rapidly. Of all the CCIEs, over 500 hold more than one CCIE certification. The majority of CCIEs are located in Europe and North America. The number of Security CCIEs is over 400. To view the latest CCIE security numbers, visit http Before you decide to take this step, you need to be aware of the challenges in front of you. You cannot hope to become a CCIE by simply buying a book or a series of books. Hands-on experience is required, and at...

CCNP Practical Studies Routing

Henry Benjamin, CCIE 4695 1-58720-054-6 Available Now CCNP Practical Studies Routing provides hands-on preparation for the CCNP Routing exam. This book includes lab exercises and helps CCNP candidates and newly minted CCNPs apply their newly gained theoretical knowledge into working experience. Use this book within a live network or home lab, remote access labs, and some software simulated network environments.

Cisco CCNP Switching Exam Certification Guide

Tim Boyles and Dave Hucaby, CCIE 4594 Cisco CCNP Switching Exam Certification Guide This book is designed to provide information about the Cisco CCNP Switching Exam 640-504. Every effort has been made to make this book as complete and as accurate as possible, but no warranty or fitness is implied. The information is provided on an as is basis. The author, Cisco Press, and Cisco Systems, Inc. shall have neither liability nor responsibility to any person or entity with respect to any loss or damages arising from the information contained in this book or from the use of the discs or programs that may accompany it.

CCIE Professional Development

Kennedy Clark, CCIE Kevin Hamilton, CCIE 1-57870-094-9 AVAILABLE NOW Alvaro Retana, CCIE Don Slice, CCIE and Russ White, CCIE 1-57870-097-3 AVAILABLE NOW Khalid Raza, CCIE and Mark Turner 1-57870-084-1 AVAILABLE NOW CCIE Professional Development Routing TCP IP, Volume I Jeff Doyle, CCIE 1-57870-041-8 AVAILABLE NOW This book takes the reader from a basic understanding of routers and routing protocols through a detailed examination of each of the IP interior routing protocols. Learn techniques for designing networks that maximize the efficiency of the protocol being used. Exercises and review questions provide core study for the CCIE Routing and Switching exam.

Recommended Training Path for CCNA

Cisco recommends that you take two courses before you take the CCNA exam. The first, Internetworking Technology Multimedia (ITM), is a CD-based course that you can order directly from Cisco currently for 50. This course covers many of the protocol basics needed for CCNA. So, if you have taken or will take ICND, that's the best way to prepare for the CCNA exam. Reading the ITM CD will be helpful as well. But what if you took one of the older courses Or, what if you took the Cisco Networking Academy curriculum Or, what if you simply choose not to spend the money on an introductory course The final section of this chapter suggests a strategy for people from each background. First, an outline of the ICND course, shown in Table 1-3, should be helpful. Remember, although the CCNA exam is not a test on the ICND course, ICND is the course that most closely matches the CCNA topics.

CCIE Security Lab Exam

NOTE Although the focus of this book is to prepare you for the CCIE Security written exam only, you can find bonus material, such as this section, that helps start your preparation for the lab exam. Passing the written exam is the easier part of the CCIE Security certification journey. For the lab exam, your life needs to change dramatically, and you need to study on routers full time for at least 3 to 6 months. The good news is that the format of the lab exam has changed from 2 full days to 1 day. You are no longer required to troubleshoot a network (regarded as the true method to test a CCIE's ability to restore a network back to full IP connectivity) you are now required to configure more advanced features in a set number of Cisco IOS, PIX, and Catalyst devices. For example, basic Frame Relay, VLAN, VTP, and ATM configurations are now preconfigured for the candidate. This allows the examiners to test more advanced security features rather than basic routing and switching...

CCNA Voice Official Exam Certification Guide

Jeremy Cioara, CCIE No. 11727 Michael J. Cavanaugh, CCIE No. 4516 Kris A. Krake, CCIE No. 10229 CCNA Voice official exam certification guide Jeremy Cioara, Michael J. Cavanaugh, Kris A. Krake. 2007 Cisco Systems. Inc. All rights reserved, CCVR the Cisco logo, and the Cisco Square Bridge logo are trademarks of Cisco Systems, Inc. Changing the Way We Work. Live. Play, and Learn is a service mark of Cisco Systems, Inc. and Access Registrar Aironet, BPX, Catalyst CCDA, CCDR CCIE. CCIP, CCNA, CCNP, CCSR Cisca the Cisco Certified Internetwork Expert logo, Cisco IOS, Cisco Press. Cisco Systems. Cisco Systems Capital, the Cisco Systems logo, Cisco Unity. Enterprise Solver, EtherChannel, EtherFast EtherSwitch, Fast Step, Follow Me Browsing, FormShare, GigaDrive, GigaStack, HomeLink, Internet Quotient, ICS, IP TV Q Expertise, the iQ logoi iQ Net Readiness Scorecard, Quick Study, LightStream, Linksys, MeetingPlace, MGX, Networking Academy, Network Registrar Packet. PIX, ProConnect RateMUX,...

Frequently Asked Questions about the Ccie Rs Examination

This section answers some common questions regarding the written and lab portions of the CCIE Routing and Switching examination. These frequently asked questions will help dispel the confusion surrounding this exam. We will begin by discussing the written examination. 1. How many questions are on the CCIER S written examination Cisco no longer publishes a set passing score for the written examination. Instead, Cisco will supply you with a pass or fail grade. The actual passing score (a percentage) is based on a statistical analysis system that checks the scores of all candidates over three months and then adjusts the score needed to pass accordingly. For example, the passing score for one candidate maybe 70 percent, but it may be 75 percent for another candidate, depending on what results candidates are attaining. After completing a short survey prior to the examination, you will be notified of the score you need to gain a passing grade. For more information, see www.cisco.com warp...

Sample CCIE Routing and Switching Lab II

Sample Ccie Route Switch Lab Layout

This appendix is designed to assist you in your final preparation for the lab portion of the most popular CCIE certification to date, CCIE Routing and Switching (CCIE R& S). The following are some general guidelines typical of any CCIE lab examination Figure D-1 displays the sample four-router CCIE lab topology with Routers R1 through R4. The core of the network is connected to Frame Relay, with ISDN providing a backup mechanism between R2 and R3. You are required to configure the routers in Figure D-1 along with a Catalyst 3550 switch (not shown). Figure D-1 CCIE Lab Topology Figure D-1 CCIE Lab Topology A major difference between this lab and the one in Appendix C is that a point-scoring system is in place rather than time allocation. There are 100 points available for these exercises. For questions with a 0 point value, the feature is assumed knowledge and is typically preconfigured and not required in the real exam. However, I have purposely included these here to ensure that...

Why Should I Take the CCIE Routing and Switching Written Exam

The first and most obvious reason to take the CCIE Routing and Switching written exam is that it is the first step toward obtaining the CCIE Routing and Switching certification. Also, you cannot schedule a CCIE lab exam until you pass the appropriate written exam. In short, if you want all the professional benefits of a CCIE Routing and Switching certification, you start by passing the written exam. The benefits of getting a CCIE certification are varied, but here are just a few of the reasons Credibility for consultants and customer engineers, including the use of the Cisco CCIE logo The other big reason to take the CCIE Routing and Switching written exam is that it recertifies an individual's associate-, professional-, and expert-level Cisco certifications. In other words, passing any CCIE written exam recertifies that person's CCNA, CCNP, CCIP, CCSP, CCDP, and so on. (Recertification requirements do change, so please verify the requirements at Cisco.com.)

About the CCIE Routing and Switching Official Exam Certification Guide Third Edition

This book contains nine major parts, which correspond to, and are in the same order as, the last nine major headings in the 10-heading CCIE Routing and Switching written blueprint. The topics under the first heading of the blueprint, General Networking Theory, are covered in this book, but they are spread throughout the various parts of the book. Beyond the chapters in the nine major parts of the book, you will find several useful appendixes gathered in Part X. In particular, Appendix C, CCIE Routing and Switching Exam Updates Version 1.0, as mentioned earlier, will be updated with subsequent versions online at http www.ciscopress.com title 9781587201967 when appropriate to provide you with the most up-to-date material. Also included in Part X is a decimal to binary conversion chart for reference in Appendix B. There are also several useful appendixes that can only be accessed from the CD in the back of the book. The WAN coverage has generally shrunk with the last several changes to...

The Cisco Learning Network

Cisco provides a wide variety of CCNA Voice preparation tools at a Cisco Systems website called the Cisco Learning Network. The Cisco Learning Network includes Quick Learning Modules, interviews with Cisco's Portfolio Manager for Voice Certifications, documents that give you a sneak peek at what's included in the Instructor Lead Training Course, and blogs and discussion forums to help you on your way. To use the Cisco Learning Network, you do not need to have a registered login at Cisco.com but you can register as a member of the Learning Network. This will give you access to additional content. To register, simply go to http tinyurl.com 66l8qv and supply the required information. (You do not need to work for Cisco or a Cisco partner to get a login.) After you have registered, proceed to the Certifications area and look for the link to the CCNA Voice pages. Practice Configurations You must master configurations on various devices to pass the CCNA Voice exam. This category lists the...

Steps Required to Achieve CCIE Security Certification

The CCIE Security certification requires a candidate to pass two exams An 8-hour lab exam. The passing score is set at 80 percent. Historically, the lab exam was a full 2-day lab that changed October 1, 2001. All CCIE lab exam versions are monitored closely and adapted where necessary to conform to the CCIE program standards, which are not publicly available. This book contains supplemental material intended to help you prepare for the lab exam, but does not focus on it.

The CCIE Routing and Switching Written Exam 350001

The CCIE Routing and Switching written exam, at least as of the time of publication, consists of a 2-hour exam administered at a proctored exam facility affiliated either with Pearson VUE (http www.VUE.com cisco) or Thomson Prometric (http www.2test.com). The exam typically includes approximately 100 multiple-choice questions, with no simulation questions currently on the written exam. Because the written exam is typically followed at some point by an attempt at passing the lab exam, Cisco has little motivation to add simulator questions to any of the CCIE written exams. As with most exams of any kind, everyone wants to know what is on the exam. Cisco provides general guidance as to topics on the exam in the CCIE Routing and Switching written exam blueprint, the most recent copy of which can be accessed at http www.cisco.com go ccie. Cisco changes both the written and lab blueprints over time, and with CCIE, Cisco seldom, if ever, changes the exam number. (Cisco changes the exam...

CCIE Routing and Switching Written Exam 350001

The CCIE Routing and Switching written exam, as of the time of publication, consists of a two-hour exam administered at a proctored exam facility affiliated with Pearson VUE (http www.vue.com cisco). The exam typically includes approximately 100 multiple-choice questions. No simulation questions are currently part of the written exam. As with most exams, everyone wants to know what is on the exam. Cisco provides general guidance as to topics on the exam in the CCIE Routing and Switching written exam blueprint, the most recent copy of which can be accessed from http www.cisco.com go ccie. Cisco changes both the CCIE written and lab blueprints over time, but Cisco seldom, if ever, changes the exam numbers. (Cisco changes the exam numbers of the associate- and professionallevel certifications when it makes major changes to what is covered on those exams.) Knowing that the content will change over time, this book includes Appendix C, CCIE Routing and Switching Exam Updates Version 1.0....

Cisco CCNP Routing Exam Certification Guide

Cisco CCNP Routing Exam Certification Guide Copyright 2000, Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Access Registrar, AccessPath, Are You Ready, ATM Director, Browse with Me, CCDA, CCDE, CCDP, CCIE, CCNA, CCNP, CCSI, CD-PAC, CiscoLink, the Cisco Networks logo, the Cisco Powered Network logo, Cisco Systems Networking Academy, Fast Step, FireRunner, Follow Me Browsing, FormShare, GigaStack, IGX, Intelligence in the Optical Core, Internet Quotient, IP VC, iQ Breakthrough, iQ Expertise, iQ FastTrack, iQuick Study, iQ Readiness Scorecard, The iQ Logo, Kernel Proxy, MGX, Natural Network Viewer, Network Registrar, the Networkers logo, Packet, PIX, Point and Click Internetworking, Policy Builder, RateMUX, ReyMaster, ReyView, ScriptShare, Secure Script, Shop with Me, SlideCast, SMARTnet, SVX, TrafficDirector, TransPath, VlanDirector, Voice LAN, Wavelength Router, Workgroup Director, and Workgroup Stack are trademarks of Cisco Systems, Inc. Changing the Way We Work, Live, Play, and Learn,...

About the Ccna Intro Exam Certification Guide and Ccna Icnd Exam Certification Guide

As mentioned earlier in this introduction, you can take both the INTRO and ICND exams to acquire CCNA certification, or you can take a single CCNA exam. Because of the significantly expanded topics as compared with the previous CCNA exam, there was simply too much material for a single book. So, we simply created two books one for the INTRO exam and one for the ICND exam. The contents of the two books, however, were actually designed for both the single-exam and dual-exam audience. For those of you preparing just for the INTRO exam, you can read just this book. Similarly, if you have passed the INTRO exam and you want to study for the ICND exam, you can use just the other book. However, if you are studying for the CCNA exam, you can use both books, and alternate between reading different parts of each book to optomize your effort in preparing for the exam. This introduction includes a reading plan for anyone taking the CCNA exam, directing you on the order in which to read the...

Cisco CCNA Exam 640507 Certification Guide

Wendell Odom, CCIE 1624 Cisco CCNA Exam 640-507 Certification Guide This book is designed to provide information about the Cisco CCNA 640-507 exam. Every effort has been made to make this book as complete and as accurate as possible, but no warranty or fitness is implied. Copyright 2000 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Printed in the USA. Access Registrar, AccessPath, Any to Any, AtmDirector, CCDA, CCDE, CCDP, CCIE, CCNA, CCNP, CCSI, CD-PAC, the Cisco logo, Cisco Certified Internetwork Expert logo, CiscoLink, the Cisco Management Connection logo, the Cisco Networks logo, the Cisco Powered Network logo, Cisco Systems Capital, the Cisco Systems Capital logo, Cisco Systems Networking Academy, the Cisco Systems Networking Academy logo, the Cisco Technologies logo, ConnectWay, ControlStream, Fast Step, FireRunner, GigaStack, IGX, Internet Quotient, Kernel Proxy, MGX, Natural Network Viewer, NetSonar, Network Registrar, Packet, PIX, Point and Click Internetworking, Policy Builder,...

CCIE Professional Development Large Scale IP Network Solutions

CCIE Professional Development Large-Scale IP Network Solutions is a core preparation textbook for the CCIE Routing and Switching exam track. In addition to CCIE preparation, this book provides solutions for network engineers as IP networks grow and become more complex. The book discusses all major IP protocols in depth, including RIP, IGRP, EIGRP, OSPF, IS-IS, and BGP. It evaluates the strengths and weaknesses of each protocol, helping you to choose the right ones for your environments. Special sections address scalability, migration planning, network management, and security for large-scale networks. Router configuration examples, network case studies, and sample scenarios all help you put the information presented in the book to use.

Whats on the CCNA Exam

Every test taker would like to know exactly what is on the CCNA exam as well as the other Cisco certification exams. Well, to be honest, exactly what is on the exam is a very closely guarded secret. Only those who write the questions for Cisco and who have access to the entire question database truly know what is really on the exam. Cisco makes fairly general CCNA exam content available to the public at the Web site CCNA certified professionals can install, configure, and operate LAN, WAN, and dial access services for small networks (100 nodes or fewer), including but not limited to use of these protocols IP, IGRP, IPX, Serial, AppleTalk, Frame Relay, IP RIP, VLANs, RIP, Ethernet, Access Lists. Well, a lawyer might have been involved in crafting that message. Including but not limited to is a telling phrase technically, anything is fair game. All of us would like to study and understand exactly the topics that are on the test. I strive to meet that goal, but keep the following...

Scenario 2 You Do Not Have a CCNA Certification

Why don't you have the certification The prerequisite for the CCNP certification is to be certified as a CCNA, so you really should pursue your CCNA certification before tackling the CCNP certification. Beginning with the Remote Access exam gives you a skewed view of what is needed for the Cisco Professional certification track. This chapter covers the following topics that you need to master as a CCNP Determining Site Requirements The three sites described are central office, branch office, and the small office home office (SOHO) or remote office (RO). The successful CCNP candidate should be aware of these sites and their associated requirements.

How This Book Can Help You Pass the Ccnp Iscw Exam

If you have not taken the ISCW course, the quizzes and scenarios in this book should give you a good idea of whether you are sufficiently prepared to skip the class and test out based on your experience. On the flip side, however, you should know that although having the knowledge from just a classroom setting can be enough to pass the exam, some questions assume a CCNA level of internetworking knowledge.

The CCNA Certification Exams What Theres More than One Exam

For the first time since Cisco announced CCNA in 1998, the CCNA certification has an option for multiple exams. Before Cisco announced these latest changes around summer of 2003, to get your CCNA certification, you just passed a single CCNA exam. With this latest generation of the CCNA, you can either take a single exam to get your CCNA, or you can take two exams, with each of these exams covering a subset of the CCNA exam topics. Table I-1 lists the exams. Table I-1 CCNA Exam Names and Numbers A subset of the CCNA topics should be taken before the ICND exam A subset of the CCNA topics should be taken after the INTRO exam CCNA Exam So, you either take the CCNA exam or you take both the INTRO and the ICND exam to pass CCNA. The CCNA exam simply covers everything on both the INTRO and ICND exams. So, if you want to save some cash and you are confident that you are ready to answer questions across the whole range of topics for CCNA, you can take just the CCNA exam itself. Alternately,...

Recommended Training Path for CCNP and CCDP

The recommended training path for the Cisco CCNP 2.0 and CCDP 2.0 professional level certifications is as follows The CCNP then requires Cisco Internetworking Troubleshooting (CIT) as the final course. The CCDP requires Cisco Internetwork Design (CID) as the final course. The recommended training courses will give you the basics to pass the exams for the CCNP or CCDP track. Cisco's exams, however, will not necessarily correspond one-to-one with the curriculum of a given class. In essence, Cisco is not looking at the exams as a fact-stuffing event but rather as a gauge of how well you know and can use the technology. Figure 1-1 illustrates the training track for CCNP and CCDP as of September 2000. Figure 1-1 CCNP CCDP 2.0 Training Exam Track CCNP Prerequisites CCNA Certification CCNA Certification

CCIE Security Written Exam

The CCIE Security written exam uses the typical certification test format of asking multiple-choice questions with one or more correct answers per question. What makes some of the questions more difficult is that more than five answer choices are listed on some questions. This reduces the power of eliminating answers and choosing from those remaining. However, the number of required answers is given for each question. You might be required to give only one answer or select a couple of correct answers. Attempt to answer every question to give you the best chance of passing, even if you have to guess. The examination is similar to other Cisco certifications, albeit it is a little more difficult with many more in-depth questions. You can view some sample questions from the similarly formatted CCIE Routing and Switching written exam at the following location (there are currently no available security questions) The CCIE Security written exam requires test-taking skills that many of us...

How to Prepare for the CCIE Security Written Exam Using This Book

This book provides several tools designed to prepare you for the CCIE Security written exam. Each chapter helps you evaluate your comprehension of the exam objectives from the blueprint (see Table 1-1). In addition, this book includes a CD-ROM with a bank of over 300 sample exam questions you can use to take practice exams. The CD-ROM contains a good mixture of easy and difficult questions to mimic the content and questions asked in the real examination. NOTE For more information about the CCIE Security exams and for general tips on how to prepare for the exams beyond just using this book, see Appendix B, Study Tips for CCIE Security Examinations. This book covers all the objectives in the CCIE Security written exam blueprint, but no one book can teach you everything you need to know for a CCIE exam. Although you can use this book to identify and fill in knowledge gaps, you might encounter areas where you feel less

CCIE Security Certification

At this stage, you have decided to pursue CCIE Security certification, which requires you to pass a two-hour, 100-question, written qualification exam ( 350-018) and a one-day lab. NOTE In addition to the CCIE Security certification, there are CCIE certifications for Routing and Switching and for Communications and Services. For information on these other CCIE certifications, see level_home.html. The written test is designed to be difficult so that potential CCIE candidates are fully prepared and aware of the difficulty level of the lab. The Cisco CCIE certification website at learning_certification_level_home.html contains further details about all the CCIE certification paths and exams, and information on possible new tracks when Cisco decides to release them to the public.

Cisco Learning Network

Cisco provides a wide variety of CCNA wireless preparation tools at a Cisco Systems website called the Cisco Learning Network. The Cisco Learning Network includes Quick Learning Modules, interviews with Cisco's Portfolio Manager for Wireless Certifications, documents that give you a sneak peek of what's included in the Instructor-Led Training Course, and blogs and discussion forums to help you on your way. To use the Cisco Learning Network, you do not need a registered login at http www. cisco.com, but you can register as a member of the learning network. This gives you access to additional content. To register, simply go to https cisco.hosted.jivesoftware.com create-account.jspa and supply some information. (You do not need to work for Cisco or one of its Partners to get a login.) After you have registered, proceed to the Certifications area, and look for the link to the CCNA Wireless pages.

The New One Day CCIE Lab Exam

I was fortunate enough to talk to Lorne Braddock Sr., the manager of the CCIE program, about the move from a two-day test to a one-day test. Like many CCIEs, I had a knee-jerk reaction to the move. I was aware of the huge backload that Cisco was experiencing with people waiting to get into the lab in some cases, the waiting list was approaching a year long. Many Cisco partners required people to get certified to retain or gain a preferred partner status. For many Cisco partners, the revenue difference between a gold and silver partnership is in the millions. Another problem for Cisco and its customers was the difficulty in scheduling a two-day exam that you can get sent home early on. This not only costs time and money to Cisco's customers, but it also leaves many open lab slots. Moving to a one-day, 8 1 2-hour test resolved many of these problems, but the question remained what do you cut The program decided to enhance the Layer 1 or physical aspect of the written test. The physical...

Cisco Certified Security Professional

Professional level recognition in Cisco Certified Security Professional Cisco Certified Security Professional Cisco Certified Security Professional Recommended Training Through Cisco Learning Partners The figure above represents the Cisco Certified Security Professional (CCSP) certification path.

How Do I Become a CCIE

The first step with any serious undertaking is to take a hard, honest assessment of your current skills. Know your strengths and acknowledge your weaknesses. Cisco has specifically designed the CCIE practical exam to weed out candidates with little hands-on or field experience. When you take your personal assessment, be very honest with past experience. This will help you identify the areas that you need to focus on. For instance, many people (unless they have worked with SNA) have little field experience in DLSw. Modeling DLSw in the lab will give you the valuable experience that you need for the practical exam.

The Remote Access Exam and the CCNP and CCDP Certifications

The Remote Access exam proves mastery of the features used in larger corporate dial-in facilities and Internet service provider (ISP) operations. Skills required for CCNP and CCDP certifications include the ability to install, configure, operate, and troubleshoot remote access devices in a complex WAN environment. Specifically, the remote access skills required ensure that the CCNP or CCDP candidate can ensure minimal WAN costs to the customer or client using the Cisco IOS features. The target audience for CCNP and CCDP certification includes the following CCNAs who want increased earning power, professional recognition, job promotions, and so on A CCNP's training and experience enables him or her to accomplish the following

How to Prepare for the CCIE Security Written Exam Using This Book and CDROM

This book covers all the objectives in the CCIE Security written exam blueprint, but no one book can teach you everything you need to know for a CCIE exam. Although you can use this book to identify and fill in knowledge gaps, you might encounter areas where you feel less prepared than others. Consider supplementing your learning in these areas with practical experience, specific books on the subject, or by searching the topic at Cisco.com. In addition to the chapters in this book, the accompanying CD-ROM provides tools that can help you prepare for the exam. The CD-ROM includes over 500 sample questions that you can explore in different modes. You can work through the questions in practice mode so that you can learn as you go or you can assess your preparedness in test mode. Practice mode allows you to link to an electronic version of the book when you want more information on the particular topic covered in the question. In practice mode, you can choose the topics and number of...

All About the Cisco Certified Network Professional and Design Professional Certification

The Cisco Certified Network Professional (CCNP) and Cisco Certified Design Professional (CCDP) certifications are the second level of Cisco certifications and are becoming popular as more incentives become available to both certification holders and their employers. Cisco has designed both the CCNP and CCDP certifications as evidence that an individual has completed a rigorous path of testing in the network arena. The CCNP and CCDP tracks require the candidate to be comfortable in advanced routing techniques, switching techniques, and dialup or RAS technology. In addition to those subjects, the CCNP must be able to, without a book, configure and troubleshoot a routed and switched network. The CCDP must demonstrate the skill to digest a vast quantity of user requirements and prepare a scalable design that fits the customer needs and requirements. The CCNP is a more hands on certification that involves testing for a variety of routing and switching skills. Both configuration and...

Cisco Career Certifications Cisco Certified Security Professional

CCIE - Security I A CCIE - Security I A Recommended Training Through Cisco Learning Partners You are encouraged to join the Cisco Certification Community, a discussion forum open to anyone holding a valid Cisco Career Certification (such as Cisco CCIE , CCNA , CCDA , CCNP , CCDP , CCIP , CCVP , or CCSP ). It provides a gathering place for Cisco certified professionals to share questions, suggestions, and information about Cisco Career Certification programs and other certification-related topics. For more information, visit www.cisco.com go certifications.

All About the Cisco Certified Network Associate Certification

Congratulations You have made your first step in beginning your journey to joining the Cisco Career Certifications group of certified professionals. CCNA is the first step into your journey. The Cisco Certified Network Associate (CCNA) certification is the most popular certification among all Cisco certifications. CCNA certification is a prerequisite for several other Cisco Certifications, which of course adds to its popularity. The exam itself is a computer-based exam, with multiple choice, fill-in-the-blank, and drag-and-drop style questions. The CCNA exam is delivered by our testing vendor, Sylvan Prometric, which you can reach at 1-800-829-NETS, or you may register online at www.2test.com. As we continually update the exams, the duration and number of questions per exam will vary. When you register for your exam, the registrar will reserve the appropriate time. You should check with Sylvan Prometric for the exact length of the exam. The CCNA exam is not an easy, read the book and...

How This Book Can Help You Prepare and Pass the CCNA Exam

The first goal for this book came at the request of the Cisco Career Certifications team they asked that we build a book that didn't just help you pass a test, but also for a book that helped you really understand the concepts and implementation details. (Because Cisco Press is the only Cisco authorized publisher, we tend to listen to Cisco ) A second goal was to make the content of the book the most comprehensive coverage of CCNA-related topics available, but without a lot of coverage of topics not on the exam. The third and ultimate goal is to get you from where you are today to the point where you can confidently pass the CCNA exam. So, all the book features, which are outlined in the Introduction, are geared toward helping you discover what CCNA topics you do know well, what CCNA topics you don't know well, and what information and tools you need to fill in the gaps.

Ccie Rs Written Exam Objectives

Table 1-1 lists the CCIE R& S exam objectives and the corresponding chapters in this book that cover those objectives. Table 1-1 CCIE R& S Written Exam Objectives Table 1-1 CCIE R& S Written Exam Objectives Table 1-1 CCIE R& S Written Exam Objectives (Continued) Table 1-1 CCIE R& S Written Exam Objectives (Continued) Table 1-1 CCIE R& S Written Exam Objectives (Continued) Table 1-1 CCIE R& S Written Exam Objectives (Continued) Table 1-1 CCIE R& S Written Exam Objectives (Continued) Table 1-1 CCIE R& S Written Exam Objectives (Continued)

All About the Cisco Certified Security Professional Certification

The Cisco Certified Security Professional (CCSP) certification is the newest midlevel certification from Cisco Systems. This certification is on a par with CCNP and CCDP. The aim of this certification is to provide professional-level recognition to network engineers in the design and implementation of Cisco secure networks. This certification provides validation of knowledge and skills in key areas of security, including firewalls, intrusion detection, VPNs, identity, and security management.

And Advance Your Career Cisco Certified Network Professional CCNP

CCIE CCIE Recommended Training Through Cisco Learning Partners You are encouraged to join the Cisco Certification Community, a discussion forum open to anyone holding a valid Cisco Career Certification (such as Cisco CCIE , CCNA , CCDA , CCNP , CCDP , CCIP , CCSP , or CCVP ). It provides a gathering place for Cisco-certified professionals to share questions, suggestions, and information about Cisco Career Certification programs and other certification-related topics. For more information, visit

Whats on the CCNA Exams

So, what can be said about the content of the exams First, Cisco posts exam topics for each exam. This official posting is the basis for what Cisco intends to put on the exams, so you should pay particularly close attention to this list. Also, the breadth and depth of topics on the exams tend to match the Cisco Authorized courses with which they are associated, so it is useful to know the outlines for those courses. Finally, Cisco designs the Cisco Networking Academy Program (CNAP) course materials with CCNA in mind. Looking at all these sources can help give you insight into CCNA.

Recommended Training Paths for CCNA

Cisco recommends that you take two courses before you take the CCNA exam. The first, CCNA Basics (CCNAB), is a Web-based introductory course that you can order directly from most any learning partner, my company included. This course covers the basic protocol information needed for CCNA, with an emphasis on the OSI reference model. So, if you have taken or will take the ICND, that's the best way to prepare for the CCNA exam. But what if you took the Cisco Networking Academy curriculum Or what if you simply choose not to spend the money on an introductory course The final section of this chapter suggests a strategy for people from each background. First, an outline of the ICND course, shown in Table 1-6, should be helpful. Remember, although the CCNA exam is not a test on the ICND course, the ICND is the course that most closely matches the CCNA topics.

CCIE Security Written Exam Blueprint

Table I-1 lists the CCIE Security written exam blueprint topics and the corresponding chapters where you can find the material covered in this book. As you can see, the blueprint places the objectives into eight categories. The book covers all of these topics. This blueprint is a guideline for the type of content that is likely to appear on the exam. You can also find it at

Overview of the CCIE Certification

CCIE is widely considered the industry's highest-level IT certification program, commonly referred to as the doctorate of networking. It equips candidates with excellent internetworking skills that are simply the best in the industry. CCIE certification was recently voted 1 by IT professionals in the CertCities.com annual survey, The Hottest Certifications for 2003a ranking attributed to the growing importance of certifications in a tight job market. The CCIE program is designed to help individuals, companies, industries, and countries succeed in the networked world by distinguishing the top echelon of internetworking experts. The program identifies leaders with a proven commitment to their career, the industry, and the process of ongoing learning. While individuals inevitably gain extensive product knowledge on their way to certification, product training is not the CCIE program objective. Rather, the focus is on identifying those experts capable of understanding and navigating the...

Overview of the CCIE Security Exam

The CCIE Security exam covers IP and IP routing as well as specific security components. Becoming a CCIE is a two-step process. The first step is to pass a two-hour, written qualification exam administered through Cisco-authorized testing centers. The second step is to successfully complete a hands-on lab examination at a Cisco facility demonstrating the candidate's expertise in configuring, testing, and troubleshooting real network equipment. The qualification exam is a prerequisite for attempting and scheduling the lab exam. For further details, refer to the following URL

Learned a Lot About CCNA Topics Through Experience but I Will Be Taking the ICND Course Now What

If you feel that you know a fair amount about CCNA topics already, but you are worried about the topics you simply just have not worked with, this strategy is for you. This book is designed to help you figure out what CCNA topics you need some help with and then help you learn about them. Here's the simple strategy for you

Ive Learned a Lot About CCNA Topics Through Experience But I Will Not Be Taking the ICND Course Now What

If you feel that you know a fair amount about CCNA topics already but are worried about the topics you simply just have not worked with, then this strategy is for you. This book is designed to help you figure out what CCNA topics you need some help with and then help you learn about them. Here's the simple strategy for you

Appendix C Ccie Preparation Tips

Becoming a Cisco Certified Internetworking Expert (CCIE) is a far cry from the read a book, take an exam process of some other industry certifications. You will be required to prove your expertise in a hands-on, notoriously difficult lab exam. While you must be intimately familiar with the Cisco configuration commands, the most difficult challenges of the lab are not Cisco specific instead, they test the depths of your understanding of switches, routers, and routing protocols. It is for this knowledge that CCIEs are recognized and sought out as proven internetworking experts. The structured creation of an internetwork involves four phases, and those same four phases are also useful for creating a structured preparation program for the CCIE lab. Design a personalized preparation program that meets your needs while fitting your schedule and resources. Talk to as many CCIEs as possible ask them about their own preparation programs. Find out what worked and what didn't work for them. Your...

Study Tips for CCIE Security Examinations

This appendix describes some study tips and options for you to consider while preparing for the CCIE Security written and lab examinations. CCIE is regarded as the most sought-after certification in the industry today more and more vendors are devising their own certification programs and trying to catch up to the industry-leading Cisco Systems. Working in the CCIE program, I have seen many changes and challenges facing potential CCIEs every day for the past two years. As of August 22, 2002, there were approximately 9000 CCIEs, and the number is growing rapidly. Of the 9000 CCIEs, approximately 110 hold more than one CCIE certification. The majority of CCIEs are located in Europe and North America. Before you decide to take this step, you need to be aware of the challenges in front of you. You cannot hope to become a CCIE by simply buying a book or a series of books. Hands-on experience is required, and at least two years of internetworking experience is critical and even then, you...

Appendix D Ccie Preparation Sample Multiprotocol

This appendix is designed to assist you in your final preparation for the most widely sought after certification in the world today, CCIE (Routing and Switching). Today, many published books describe how to achieve CCIE, but in reality, no matter how many books you purchase, it all comes down to your level of hands-on experience. The strict nondisclosure agreement policed by Cisco ensures that candidates do not share any information about the lab content. Therefore, you'll know little about the lab content before your first attempt. In fact, the FBI has been involved in recent cases in which individuals have been jailed for selling information directly related to CCIE lab examinations. The CCIE team has approved a sample CCIE multiprotocol lab for inclusion in this book so that you can be aware of the level of difficulty you must prepare to encounter when attempting the CCIE lab. Solutions are not provided in this book per a request from Cisco's CCIE department, so you must research...

CCIE Qualification Exam Test Format

The CCIE Routing and Switching qualification exam uses the typical certification test format with multiple-choice questions that have one or more correct answers per question. What makes some of questions more difficult on the exam is that more than five answer choices are listed for all or most questions. This reduces the effectiveness of eliminating obviously incorrect answers and choosing from the remaining answers. routing.html. NOTE program whatsnew.html

CCIE Routing and Switching Exam Updates Version

Over time, reader feedback allows Cisco Press to gauge which topics give our readers the most problems when taking the exams. Additionally, Cisco may make small changes to the CCIE Routing and Switching exam blueprint. To assist readers with those topics, the authors create new materials clarifying and expanding upon those troublesome exam topics. As mentioned in the introduction to the CCIE Routing and Switching Exam Certification Guide, Second Edition, the additional content about the exam is contained in a PDF document on this book's companion website, at Covers new topics when Cisco adds topics to the CCIE Routing and Switching written exam blueprint

CCNP Exam Topics

Carefully consider the exam topics Cisco has posted on its website as you study, particularly for clues to how deeply you should know each topic. Beyond that, you cannot go wrong by developing a broader knowledge of the subject matter. You can do that by reading and studying the topics presented in this book. Remember that it is in your best interest to become proficient in each of the CCNP subjects. When it is time to use what you have learned, being well rounded counts more than being well tested.

CCIE Practice Labs

The CCIE practice labs are designed to give you an accurate representation of what a CCIE lab exam actually looks like. Some labs are complete CCIE labs, which require hardware to support voice, ATM, and two Cisco 3550s others have less stringent hardware requirements. The labs are also designed to be easily modifiable to your own hardware requirements. We realize that everyone does not have access to ATM, voice, and 3550s therefore, every lab has different hardware requirements. Before each lab, a complete equipment list is provided and prestaging information is included such as the Frame Relay switch configuration, backbone router configuration, and so on. Use this information to model your own CCIE lab. There was some de bate during the creation of CCIE PSV1 as to whether to include the answers for the practice labs. Many people, myself included, thought that by providing the answers, people would focus more on matching the answers themselves than on practicing the lab. However, we...

Martin Walshaw Ccie

Clare Gough is a Cisco Certified Internetworking Engineer(CCIE 2893) and was a Cisco Certified Systems Instructor for the ICRC, ACRC, CIT, CLSC, and CID courses. She holds a master's degree in education and a master's degree in information systems. Over the last 15 years, she has developed and taught a variety of networking and internetworking courses throughout the world for Digital Equipment Co. and various Cisco training partners. She moved from England in 1991 and now lives in San Francisco with her family. Jorge Aragon (CCIE 5567) is a network engineer with Perot Systems Corporation (PSC) in Dallas, Texas. He holds a bachelor of science degree in electrical engineering from the National Polytechnic Institute in Mexico, and has a master of science degree in telecommunications from the University of Pittsburgh. He also holds an MCSE certification and several of Cisco's specializations. Jorge is part of the PSC Global Infrastructure team, where he designs, implements, and...

CCNA Exam Topics

Interestingly, the CCNA (640-801) exam topics posted by Cisco are not simply the combination of the INTRO exam topics and the ICND exam topics. If you look closely, the CCNA exam topics match more closely to the ICND exam topics than they do to the INTRO exam topics. So, for those of you planning to take the single CCNA exam, what does that mean Well, for practical purposes, the CCNA exam covers all the topics covered on both the INTRO and ICND exams. However, the length of the CCNA exam does not allow Cisco to ask you about every possible fact. So, you should expect the CCNA exam to include questions that cover more advanced topics, many of which require that you know the more basic facts. For instance, rather than ask a question about how to do binary math, which is specifically mentioned for the INTRO exam topics, you might have to derive subnet numbers - which requires you to use binary math. Another example instead of describing LAN cabling, you might have a question about...

Why CCIE Security

CCIE Security distinguishes the top level of Network Security experts. The CCIE Security Certification enables individuals to optimize career growth, opportunity, and compensation by distinguishing themselves as being part of the Network Security experts of the world. The CCIE Security Certification enables companies to minimize their risk by identifying the highest caliber of security personnel with the training and skills necessary to protect their critical information assets. This book will be a valuable asset for potential CCIE Security candidates who passed the written examination and are preparing for the actual lab exam. I am positive individuals will inevitably gain extensive hands-on experience during the preparation, using this book. The main focus is on configuring the various security technologies and also on understanding and navigating the subtleties, intricacies, and potential pitfalls inherent in taking the CCIE Security lab exam. Product Manager CCIE Security Cisco...

CCIE Certifications

The three CCIE certifications are as follows CCIE Routing and Switching (CCIE R& S) CCIE Communications and Services (CCIE C& S) CCIE Security This book prepares you for the written portion of the CCIE R& S exam and the general networking topics of the written portion of the CCIE C& S exam. CCIE R& S The CCIE R& S certification is the traditional CCIE certification that involves routing and LAN WAN switching. The CCIE candidate must pass a two-hour written qualification test and a hands-on one-day lab test to become a CCIE.

General Guidelines

The real CCIE Lab exams are hands-on structures similar to this book. Each configuration exercise has preassigned point values. The candidate must obtain a minimum mark of 80 to pass. This book provides you with a similar structure to give you a better understanding and experience. For more information on CCIE exam structure, see

IP Configuration and IP Addressing 0 Points

NOTE Because of recent changes to the CCIE exam, the candidate is not required to configure IP addressing. However, the subject is presented here to ensure that potential CCIE candidates have a good understanding of IP address spaces and subnetting. No time is projected for this section.

Practice

Every candidate working toward the CCIE exam has one goal Passing the CCIE lab exam and getting a CCIE number. The answer to get there is simple practice, practice, practice. As someone said, Practice makes perfect, but the problem is, practice what Where can you get practice labs and scenarios Most people are confident in technologies as standalone. For example, someone could be expert in firewalls but wouldn't know what can go wrong if BGP runs through the firewall. The CCIE exam is spread on wide syllabi and includes a range of technologiesall integrated, making a complex setup. The challenge is to work toward building this complex network from scratch to perfection in 8 hours. Keeping this challenge in mind, this book was written to assist candidates by providing close to real CCIE Lab exam scenarios with a high level of complexity and integrating all technologies possibly tested. The real CCIE Lab does not require you to do any cabling or IP addressing.

Ethernet Switching Review

Before discussing the detailed configuration of the Cisco 3550, it's necessary to review some important technologies. The following sections briefly review VLANs, VTP, VLAN trunking, spanning-tree 802.1d, and port autonegotiation. If you have previously read CCIE Practical Studies,Volume I (CCIE PSV1), you might want to glance only at this section, because it is intended as a review. For a more comprehensive explanation of these and other Ethernet switching principals, refer to CCIE PSV1.

Switch Virtual Interface SVI

Aswitch virtual interface (SVI) is a logical interface that ties Layer 3 functionality, such as IP inform VLAN. The SVI, in turn, can be used for inter-VLAN routing, to fallback-bridge nonroutable protoco VLANs, and to represent the VLAN to a routing domain. By default, an SVI is created for VLAN 1 foi management. If you are familiar with the Cisco 2900XL 3500XL series switches from CCIE PSV1, a much like the interface VLAN 1 used for management. Unlike the previous switches, you can conf SVIs and a routing protocol to provide connectivity between the VLANs. To configure an SVI, aside single default, you must have the EMI software image installed on the switch.

Example 13 Configuring Default Routing on Catalyst 3550

CCIE PSV1 stressed avoiding use of VLAN 1 for user traffic. A personal design rule I use in the avoid VLAN 1 if at all possible. There are numerous reasons for this. VLAN 1 is the default VLA Catalyst switches and the native VLAN. Any switch added to the network will, by default, be in This le aves the network vulnerable to potential VTP, VLAN, and data corruption. Mono Spannir on 802.1Q uses VLAN 1 for its entire spanning-tree domain. The switch will also tag frames di on VLAN 1 depending on the encapsulation used. Some Catalyst switches enable you to clear ' from a trunk, whereas some will not this could force VLAN 1 to span the entire switched netw these reasons and more that aren't listed, I personally don't run production traffic or manager traffic on VLAN 1. Wh en designing LAN s and VLAN 1 comes up, fust say no 3550_switch(config) enable secret ccie Accbss to thn 3 550 switnh is contqolleb by configuri ng pashwords a bo access control lists (ACOs) on (cty) anb virtual terminal...

Network Based Intrusion Detection Systems

You will be forgiven for looking at this new blueprint objective and wondering what exactly is to be expected of a candidate taking the new CCIE Security written exam. This section unravels this objective and provides you with the best preparation possible to ensure that you pass this portion of the exam on your first attempt. Network-based intrusion detection has been defined by many security vendors, such as Cisco, which has defined IDS as a method of detecting an illegal packet within your network. Ensuring that IP packets and TCP segments are valid can be an enormous task in today's ever-evolving networks because all organizations need to be connected to the public domain, the World Wide Web. To effectively run e-commerce within an organization, the basic aim of the Cisco network-based IDS (NIDS) solution is to proactively detect network packets and segment what may be illegal and to alert the security team within the organization. For the CCIE Security written exam, your basic...

Do I Know This Already Quiz

An administrator notices a router's CPU utilization has jumped from 2 percent to 100 percent, and that a CCIE engineer was debugging. What IOS command can the network administrator enter to stop all debugging output to the console and vty lines without affecting users on the connected router

Organization of this Book

Each chapter then contains a Foundation Topics section with extensive coverage of the CCIE Security exam topics covered in that chapter. This is followed by a Foundation Summary section that provides more-condensed coverage of the topics and is ideal for review and study later. Each chapter ends with Q & A and Scenarios sections to help you assess how well you mastered the topics covered in the chapter. Finally, the book includes a CD-ROM with sample exam questions and other preparation resources. All of these tools are designed to help you assess your preparedness level and then teach you. Once you identify deficiencies, you should concentrate your studies on those areas until you feel comfortable with them. Chapter 1, General Networking Topics This chapter covers general networking technologies, including an overview of the OSI model, switching concepts, and routing protocols. The TCP IP model is presented and explained with common applications used in today's IP networks....

General Networking Topics

This chapter covers general networking concepts listed in the CCIE Security blueprint for the written exam. The CCIE Security blueprint lists some example topics that define general networking, including switching, TCP IP, routed and routing protocols, PPP, ISDN, asynchronous communications, and telephony and wireless best practices. The CCIE Security written exam contains approximately 50 percent security questions and approximately 50 percent general networking questions. This chapter prepares you for the general networking questions. Although the CCIE Security written exam blueprint lists some specific networking topics, it does not, for example, mention Frame Relay, which might appear on the exam. This chapter covers many of the listed, and a few of the unlisted, general networking topics. Although these topics are not extensively defined in the blueprint, the CCIE Security written exam might include topics taken from the CCIE Routing and Switching written exam blueprint. This...

Scenario Configuring Dns Tftp Ntp and SNMP

No ip domain-lookup ip domain-name cisco.com ip host CCIE 131.108.1.1 ip host Router3 131.108.1.3 ip host Router2 131.108.1.2 ip host Router1 131.108.1.1 ip name-server 131.108.255.1 ip name-server 131.108.255.2 interface Ethernet0 0 ip address 131.108.1.1 255.255.255.0 c. The administrator could also type CCIE to reach the same IP address (131.108.1.1).

PIX Configuration 6 Points

Rip inside passive version 2 authentication md5 ccie 1 rip inside default version 2 authentication md5 ccie 1 route outside 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 9.1.1.2 route inside 144.254.0.0 255.255.0.0 144.254.1.1 The MD5 password is set to ccie. The second configuration line supplies a default RIP route to R1. The final two commands enable static routes for the internal network and the Internet through 144.254.1.1 and 9.1.1.2, respectively. Example 8-33 configures a key chain named cisco, and the MD5 password is ccie. RIP is enabled on the Ethernet0 0 interface connecting to the inside interface on the PIX Firewall. Hostname R1 key chain cisco key 1 key-string ccie interface Ethernet0 0 ip rip authentication mode md5 ip rip authentication key-chain cisco More PIX tasks appear later in this CCIE Security self-study lab.

Cisco Secure for Windows NT and Cisco Secure ACS

Cisco Secure can run on Windows NT 2000 and UNIX platforms. The latest CCIE Security examination no longer requires a candidate to be proficient in the UNIX version. Some details are left in this guide for completeness so that in the real world you may have the full story from Cisco. NOTE Cisco Secure topics are tested in the CCIE Security lab exam (particularly Cisco Secure for Windows 2000 Server). The written exam does not require you to have a detailed understanding of this application. Chapter 8, CCIE Security Self-Study Lab, contains an excellent example of how to configure Cisco Secure ACS for Windows NT in a real lab scenario and hence it is not covered in depth in this chapter.

Additional Advanced Lab Topics No Solutions Provided

Presented here are some advanced CCIE Security questions with no lab solutions so that you may investigate and try to solve them on your own, just as you would have to do in the lab exam. These bonus CCIE Security lab topics are added because they are not covered in the main section of this chapter. Hopefully they will provide you with some example questions and help you discover your own exam techniques to help you achieve maximum success in the CCIE Security lab. In every CCIE lab exam that I have attempted, and I have been through many of them, I have found that a candidate must be capable of addressing topics they have not configured or studied prior to the lab in essence, you must be prepared to use the Documentation CD-ROM to help you past the topics you are not comfortable with. So in keeping with the high level of difficulty of any CCIE exam, here are some bonus advanced questions with an indicative point score you could expect in any CCIE lab exam. (These points do not count...

Example 26 show ip ospf database Command

Examining the route table of a downstream OSPF router, such as clanton, you can see the effects o metric-tyide type-1 c omma nd. Notlce in EExam ule 20-6 tuat mhe 1772.16.2.0 2-4, 192.168.10.0 24, a laa.16.l6 .4 30 rolrtes are OSPF externa tyee 1 routes. Normally, or by defaul t, the route would I external type 2 route s. For mone infor Siation on the different li nk-state advertis ement (LSA) types use, refer to CCIE Practical Studies,Volume I. You will learn more about the various set commands upcoming section. Example 2-7 lists the forwarding table of the clanton router.

Asynchronous Communications and Access Devices

Username CCIE password CCIE sgbp group CCIE sgbp member AS2 1.1.1.2 sgbp member AS3 1.1.1.3 sgbp member AS4 1.1.1.4 username CCIE password CCIE Defines the username and password used to authenticate SGBP members. If the password is wrong, an error such as the following is presented on the console sgbp group CCIE Defines a named stack group and makes this router a member of that stack group. Use the sgbp group command in global configuration mode. To remove the definition, use the no form of this command.

About the Technical Reviewers

Jennifer DeHaven Carroll, CCIE No. 1402, is a principal consultant with Lucent Technologies. She has planned, designed, and implemented many large networks over the past 15 years. She has also developed and taught theory and Cisco implementation classes on all IP routing protocols. Jenny i s the coauthor of Routing TCP IP, Volume II, (Cisco Press, 2001) with Jeff Doyle and can be reached at jennifer.carroll ieee.org. Greg TiMett, CCIE No. 5231, is currently working toward his second CCIE in the Security track. He has recertified twice since achieving his first CCIE. Greg is a consulting systems engineer with Cisco Systems focusing on security, virtual private networks, and campus technologies. In his current role, he supports Cisco Systems engineers and account managers with their customer base and p resents these technologies to various audiences at Cisco seminars. Since joining Cisco in 199)7, he has suppo rted many customers, state and local governments, K-12 and higher educational...

Catalyst Services Module

The Cisco Catalyst 6500 Series Switch is the Cisco frontline router and switch. Although not yet used in the CCIE Security lab exam, the Catalyst 6500 is covered in the written exam. The Catalyst 6500 security features are very enhanced and widely deployed across the globe.

Warning and Disclaimer

This book is designed to provide information about the CCIE Security written exam. Every effort has been made to make this book as complete and as accurate as possible, but no warranty or fitness is implied. The Cisco Press self-study book series is as described, intended for self-study. It has not been designed for use in a classroom environment. Only Cisco Learning Partners displaying the following logos are authorized providers of Cisco curriculum. If you are using this book within the classroom of a training company that docs not carry one of these logos, then you are not preparing with a Cisco trained and authorized provider. For information on Cisco Learning Partners please To provide Cisco with any information about what you may believe is unauthorized use of Cisco trademarks or copyrighted training material, please visit

Networking Basics The OSI Reference Model

This section covers the Open System Interconnection (OSI) seven-layer reference model and common examples of each Individual OSI layer. CCIE candidates must fully understand and appreciate the OSI model, because almost every routed protocol in use today is based on its architecture. The OSI model was developed by a standards body called the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) to provide software developers with a standard architecture to develop protocols (such as IP). For example, the OSI model allows a PC to communicate with a UNIX device.

Example 32 Configuration of MSDP on Anycast RP Routers

MTDP peers with a TCP session and exchanges any new source active (TA) messages with all other peers. The commands listed are the minimum necessary to make MTDP operational. This minimum is listed here not to belittle the technology but because this theory is commonly oriented toward service providers ano not toward iypical enterosi ses. This topic, ho wever, has come under iucreasing scrutiny to those preparing for the CCIE Routing and Twitching lab.

Advanced PIX Configuration 5 Points

In any security exam, you can be sure that the PIX will be a core device (only one PIX Firewall in the real CCIE exam), so the next few question highlight the areas of the PIX you should be proficient with to ensure that you are ready for the many scenarios that you might be asked to configure. The next section concentrates on a sample PIX topology to guide you in areas you should concentrate on in your study preparation.

Enhanced Interior Gateway Routing Protocol

EIGRP is a Cisco-developed routing protocol that uses the same metric defined by IGRP multiplied by 256. The routing metric in EIGRP is based on bandwidth, delay, load, and reliability. The CCIE Security written exam does not test your understanding of EIGRP too greatly, so this section includes only the relevant topics for the exam. Reduced bandwidth usage By default, EIGRP uses up to 50 percent of available bandwidth, and this option can be changed with the Cisco IOS command ip bandwidth-percent eigrp as-number percent. By default, EIGRP uses up to 50 percent of the bandwidth defined by the interface bandwidth command. The interface command ip bandwidth-percent eigrp as-number percent can be used to change this value (a good method to use for the CCIE lab). You need to understand several EIGRP-related terms for the CCIE Security written exam. Table 1-10 defines some of the common terminology used in EIGRP. EIGRP also supports an authentication mechanism. To enable authentication of...

Telephony Best Practices

This section covers some of the core recommendations made by the SAFE IP Telephony Security in Depth white paper, which can be viewed at http www.cisco.com en US netsol The CCIE Security written exam covers this subject only very lightly in fact, the lab portion of the exam does not even test VoIP best practices as of this writing. This section ensures that you

Security Information Monitoring System

The scenario at the end of this chapter details a typical attack scenario and how to decipher the details provided. This is the best method to demonstrate the capabilities of the IDS sensors, and the exam performs the same testing procedures on candidates. CCIE Security candidates can expect to be given similar scenarios and asked to answer questions based on the information provided.

Example 867 Latte BGP Table Before nexthopself

Test the configuration using an appl i cation. To do this, make voice calls between the Chocolate and Latte routers. To configure VoIP on the Chocolate and Latte routers, create dial peers, add destination patterns and an IP address or physical port, and then dial from the phones. (For more information on VoIP configuration, refer to CCIE Practical Studies,Volume I.)Example 8-69 shows the voice configuration for the Chocolate router, andExample 8-70 shows the voice configuration for the Latte router.

Scenario Solutions

During the IKE negotiation, the router reports a message that identifies the fault as the share password. R2 is configured with the password, CCIe (should match R1's preshared password set to CCIE). See Example 4-17, and code line 7. Changing the IKE password to CCIE with the IOS command crypto isakmp key CCIE address 131.108.255.1, the following debug output confirms the IPSec connections by pinging from R2 Ethernet 0 0 IP address to R1 Ethernet 0 0 IP address

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