CCIE Routing and Switching Written Exam 350001

The CCIE Routing and Switching written exam, as of the time of publication, consists of a two-hour exam administered at a proctored exam facility affiliated with Pearson VUE (http://www.vue.com/ cisco). The exam typically includes approximately 100 multiple-choice questions. No simulation questions are currently part of the written exam.

As with most exams, everyone wants to know what is on the exam. Cisco provides general guidance as to topics on the exam in the CCIE Routing and Switching written exam blueprint, the most recent copy of which can be accessed from http://www.cisco.com/go/ccie.

Cisco changes both the CCIE written and lab blueprints over time, but Cisco seldom, if ever, changes the exam numbers. (Cisco changes the exam numbers of the associate- and professionallevel certifications when it makes major changes to what is covered on those exams.) Knowing that the content will change over time, this book includes Appendix C, "CCIE Routing and Switching Exam Updates: Version 1.0." This appendix will include coverage of any newly added topics to the CCIE Routing and Switching written exam. When Cisco changes the blueprint, the authors will add content to cover the new topics at http://www.ciscopress.com/title/9781587201967 and make that content available to all readers who have bought the earlier edition of the book. For future printings, Cisco Press will put that new content into Appendix C.

The CCIE Routing and Switching written exam blueprint, as of the time of publication, is listed in Table I-1. Table I-1 also lists the chapter(s) that cover each topic.

Table 8-1 CCIE Routing and Switching Written Exam Blueprint

Blueprint Topic

Chapter(s)

I. General Networking Theory

A. General Routing Concepts

4, 6, 7, 10

1. Link State and Distance Vector Protocols

7

2. Split Horizon

7

Blueprint Topic

Chapter(s)

3. Summarization

4, 10

4. Classful and a Classless Routing Protocol

6

5. Routing Decision Criteria

10

B. Routing Information Base (RIB) and Routing Protocols Interaction

10, 11

1. Administrative Distance

10

2. Routing Table

10

3. RIB and Forwarding Information Base Interaction

10, 11

C. Redistribution

10

1. Redistribution Between Routing

10

2. Troubleshooting Routing Loop

10

II. Bridging and LAN Switching

A. Spanning Tree Protocol (STP)

1, 3, 18

1. 802.1d

3

2. 802.1w

3

3. 802.1s

3

4. Loopguard

3

5. Rootguard

3

6. Bridge Protocol Data Unit (BPDU) Guard

3

7. Storm Control

18

8. Rapid Spanning Tree Protocol (RSTP)

3

9. Unicast flooding

1

10. STP port roles, Failure propagation, and Loopguard Operation

3

B. LAN Switching

1, 2, 3

1. Trunks

2, 3

2. VLAN Trunking Protocol (VTP) Administrative Functions

2

C. Ethernet

1

1. Speed

1

2. Duplex

1

3. Ethernet

1

continues

Blueprint Topic

Chapter(s)

4. Fast Ethernet

1

S. Gigabit Ethernet

1

III. IP

A. Addressing

4, S

1. Subnetting

4

2. Hot Standby Routing Protocol (HSRP)

S

3. Gateway Load Balancing Protocol (GLBP)

s

4. Virtual Router Redundancy Protocol (VRRP)

5

5. Network Address Translation (NAT)

4

B. Services

S

1. Network Time Protocol (NTP)

S

2. Dynamic Host Control Protocol (DHCP)

S

3. Web Cache Communication Protocol (WCCP)

S

C. Network Management

1. Logging and Syslog

S

IV. IP Routing

A. OSPF

9

1. Standard OSPF Area

9

2. Stub Area

9

3. Totally Stub Area

9

4. Not-So-Stubby-Area (NSSA)

9

5. Totally NSSA

9

6. Link State Advertisement (LSA) Types

9

7. Adjacency on a Point-to-Point and on a Multi-Access (Broadcast)

9

8. OSPF Graceful Restart

9

9. Troubleshooting Failing Adjacency Formation to Fail

9

10. Troubleshooting of External Route Installation in the RIB

9

B. BGP

11

1. Protocol on Which BGP Peers Communicate

11

2. Next Hop

11

Blueprint Topic

Chapter(s)

3. Peering

11

4. Troubleshooting of BGP Route That Will Not Install in the Routing Table

11

C. EIGRP

8

1. Best Path

8

2. Loop Free Paths

8

3. EIGRP Operations When Alternate Loop Free Paths Are AvailAble and When It Is Not Available

8

4. EIGRP Queries

8

5. Manual Summarization

8

6. Auto-Summarization

8

7. EIGRP Stubs

8

8. Troubleshooting of EIGRP Neighbor Adjacencies

8

D. Policy Routing

6, 12

1. Concept of policy routing

6, 12

V. QoS

A. Modular QoS Command-Line (MQC) Applied To:

12, 13, 14

1. Network-Based Application Recognition (NBAR)

12

2. Class-Based Weighted Fair Queueing (CBWFQ) / Modified Deficit Round Robin (MDRR)

13, 14

3. Policing

14

4. Shaping

14

5. Marking

12, 14

6. Random Early Detection (RED)

13

VI. WAN

A. Frame Relay

6, 15, 18

1. Local Management Interface (LMI)

6, 15

2. Traffic Shaping

15

3. Hub and Spoke routers

15

4. Dynamic Multipoint VPN (DMVPN)

18

5. DE

15

continues

Blueprint Topic

Chapter(s)

VII. IP Multicast

A. Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) v2

16, 17

B. Group Addresses

16, 17

C. Shared Trees

17

D. Source Trees

17

E. Protocol Independent Multicast (PIM) Mechanic

17

F. PIM Sparse Mode

17

G. Auto-RP

17

H. Anycast RP

17

VIII. Security

A. Extended IP Access Lists

18

B. Unicast Reverse Path Forwarding (uRPF)

18

C. IP Source Guard

18

D. Context Based Access Control (CBAC)

18

IX. MPLS (New)

A. Label Switching Router (LSR)

19

B. Label Switched Path (LSP)

19

C. Route Descriptor

19

D. Label Format

19

E. Label imposition/disposition

19

F. Label Distribution

19

X. IPv6 (New)

A. IPv6 Addressing and Types

20

B. IPv6 Neighbor Discovery

20

C. Basic IPv6 functionality Protocols

20

D. IPv6 Multicast and Related Multicast Protocols

20

E. Tunneling Techniques

20

F. OSPFv3

20

G. EIGRPv6

20

The blueprint tells you what major topics to study and by implication, what not to study. However, the blueprint does not provide many details about the scope and depth covered for each topic. As you prepare for the written exam, it is a good idea to study more details than you think you need to pass the exam, because the lab exam is considerably more rigorous than the written exam.

Knowing what topics Cisco does not list in the blueprint is also useful, particularly topics that Cisco has removed from earlier blueprints. For example, in 2005, Cisco announced the removal of ISDN/ DDR, IS-IS, ATM, and SONET from the written exam blueprint, but it added wireless. In 2007, Cisco announced a new CCIE Routing and Switching written blueprint, referenced as "version 3.0" (the older blueprints did not have a version). This version 3.0 blueprint also added and removed topics; for example, it removed wireless coverage, but added MPLS and expanded IPv6. Always check http://www.cisco.com/go/ccie for the latest information regarding any other new or deleted blueprint topics. For any major changes, the authors will post a new version of Appendix C, which will add coverage of the new topics. Go to http://www.ciscopress.com/title/1587201968 for this book's web page, and look for a new Appendix C if the blueprint changes.

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