Ccie Rs Written Exam Objectives

Table 1-1 lists the CCIE R&S exam objectives and the corresponding chapters in this book that cover those objectives.

Table 1-1 CCIE R&S Written Exam Objectives

Exam Objective

Chapter

I. Cisco Device Operation

Commands— show, debug

3

Infrastructure—NVRAM, Flash, memory and CPU, file system, configuration register

3

Operations—File transfers, password recovery, Simple Network Management Protocol

3

(SNMP), accessing devices, security (passwords)

II. General Networking Theory

OSI model—Layer comparisons, functions

2

General routing concepts—Split horizon, link-state, difference between switching and

2

routing, summarization, link-state versus distance vector, loops, tunneling

Standards—802.x, protocol limitations

4

Protocol mechanics—Windowing/Acknowledgments (ACK), fragmentation, maximum

6

transmission unit (MTU), handshaking, termination

Table 1-1 CCIE R&S Written Exam Objectives (Continued)

Exam Objective

Chapter

III. Bridging and LAN Switching

Transparent Bridging—IEEE/DEC spanning tree, translational, integrated routed and

4

bridging (IRB), concurrent routing and bridging (CRB), access lists, Multiple Instances of

Spanning Tree (MISTP)

Source-route bridging (SRB)—Source-route translational bridging (SR/TLB), source-route

4

transparent bridging (SRT), data-link switching (DLSw), remote source-route bridging

(RSRB), access lists

LAN switching—Trunking, VLAN Trunk Protocol (VTP), virtual LANs (VLANs), Fast

4

Ether Channel (FEC), Cisco Discovery Protocol (CDP)

LANE—LAN Emulation Client (LEC), LAN Emulation Server (LES), broadcast and

4

unknown server (BUS), LAN Emulation Configuration Server (LECS), Simple Server

Redundancy Protocol (SSRP)

Security—Private VLANs

4

IV. Internet Protocol

Addressing—Classless interdomain routing (CIDR), subnetting, Address Resolution

6

Protocol (ARP), Network Address Translation (NAT), Hot Standby Router Protocol (HSRP)

Services—Domain Name System (DNS), Bootstrap Protocol (BOOTP), Dynamic Host

6

Configuration Protocol (DHCP), Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP)

Applications—Telnet, File Transfer Protocol (FTP), Trivial File Transfer Protocol (TFTP)

6

Transport—IP fragmentation, sockets, ports

6

IP access lists

10

IPv6

6

V. IP Routing Protocols

Open Shortest Path First (OSPF):

8

Design—Areas, virtual links, stub areas, not-so-stubby areas (NSSA), area border router

(ABR)/autonomous system boundary router (ASBR) redistributions, media dependencies,

external versus internal, summarization

Operation—Designated router (DR), backup designated router (BDR), adjacencies, link-

state advertisement (LSA) types, link-state database, shortest path first (SPF) algorithm,

authentication

Table 1-1 CCIE R&S Written Exam Objectives (Continued)

Exam Objective

Chapter

Border Gateway Protocol (BGP):

9

Design—peer groups, route reflectors, confederations, clusters, attributes, autonomous

systems

Operation—route maps, filters, neighbors, decision algorithm, Interior Border Gateway

Protocol (IBGP), Exterior Border Gateway Protocol (EBGP)

Enhanced Interior Gateway Routing Protocol (EIGRP)—Metrics, mechanics, and design

7

Intermediate System-to-Intermediate System (IS-IS)—Metrics, mechanics, and design

8

Routing Information Protocol version 1 (RIPv1) and Routing Information Protocol version 2

7

(RIPv2)—Metrics, mechanics, and design

Access lists—distribute lists, route maps, policy routing, redistribution, route tagging

10

Dial-on-demand routing (DDR)—Dial backup

5

VI. Desktop Protocols

Internetwork Packet Exchange (IPX)—Netware Link Services Protocol (NLSP), IPX-

12

Routing Information Protocol/Services Advertisement Protocol, IPX-EIGRP, Sequenced

Packet Exchange (SPX), Network Control Protocol (NCP), IPXWAN, IPX addressing, Get

Nearest Server (GNS), Novell Directory Services (NDS) (routing and mechanisms), access

control lists

Windows/NT—NetBIOS, browsing, domain controller (e.g. WINS), access control lists

12

VII. Quality of Service (QoS)

Fancy queuing, Packet over Sonet (PoS) and IP Precedence, class of service (CoS), Weighted

11

Round Robin/queue scheduling, shaping versus policing (rate limiting)/Committed Access

Rate (CAR), Network-Based Application Recognition (NBAR), 802.1x, Differentiated

Services Code Point (DSCP)

VIII. WAN (Addressing, Signaling, Framing)

Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN)—Link Access Procedure on the D channel

5

(LAPD), Basic Rate Interface (BRI)/Primary Rate Interface (PRI) framing, signaling,

mapping, Network Termination type 1 (NT1), dialer map, interface types, B/D channels,

channel bonding

Frame Relay—Local Management Interface (LMI), data link connection identifier (DLCI),

5

permanent virtual circuit (PVC), framing, traffic shaping, forward explicit congestion

notification (FECN), backward explicit congestion notification (BECN), CIR, discard

eligible (DE), mapping, compression

X.25—Addressing, routing, Link Access Procedure Balanced (LAPB), error control/

5

recovery, windowing, signaling, mapping, switched virtual circuit (SVC)/permanent virtual

circuit (PVC), protocol translation

Table 1-1 CCIE R&S Written Exam Objectives (Continued)

Exam Objective

Chapter

ATM—SVC/ PVC, ATM adaptation layer (AAL), Service Specific Connection Oriented

S

Protocol (SSCOP), User-Network Interface (UNI)/Network-Network Interface (NNI),

Interim Local Management Interface (ILMI), cell format, QoS, RFC 1483 and 1577, Private

Network-Network Interface (PNNI), mapping

Physical Layer—Synchronization, Synchronous Optical Network (SONET), T1, E1,

S

encoding

Leased Line Protocols—High-level data link control (HDLC), Point-to-Point Protocol

S

(PPP), asynchronous lines and modems, compression

PoS (Packet over SONET/SDH)

S

Dynamic Packet Transport (DPT)/spatial reuse protocol (SRP)

S

IX. LAN

Data-link layer—Addressing, 802.2

4

Ethernet/Fast Ethernet/Gigabit Ethernet—Encapsulation, carrier sense multiple access

4

collision detect (CSMA/CD), topology, speed, controller errors, limitations

Token Ring—Token passing, beaconing, active monitor, ring insertion, soft and hard errors,

4

encapsulation, topology, MTU, speed, limitations

Wireless/802.11b

4

X. Security

Authentication, authorization, and accounting (AAA), Terminal Access Controller Access

12

Control System (TACACS), and RADIUS—General concepts, usage, comparisons

Firewalls—PIX, access lists, Demilitarized Zones (DMZ)

12

Encryption—Public/private key, Data Encryption Standard (DES)

12

XI. Multiservice

Voice/Video—H.323, codecs, Signaling System 7 (SS7), Real-Time Transport Protocol

12

(RTP), RTP Control Protocol (RTCP), Session Initiation Protocol (SIP)

Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS)

11

XII. IP Multicast

Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP)/Cisco Group Management Protocol

10

(CGMP)—IGMPv1, IGMPv2, designated querier

Addressing—Group addresses, admin group, link-local L3-to-L2 mapping

10

Distribution Trees—Shared trees, source trees

10

Protocol Independent Multicast-Sparse Mode (PIM-SM) Mechanisms—Joining, pruning

10

PIM state, Mroute table

Rendezvous Points (RP)—Auto-RP, Bootstrap Router (BSR)

10

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