The Transport Layer

The transport layer is responsible for ensuring reliable data transport on an internetwork. This is accomplished through flow control, error checking (checksum), end-to-end acknowledgments, retransmissions, and data sequencing.

Some transport layers, such as Transmission Control Protocol (TCP), have mechanisms for handling congestion. TCP adjusts its retransmission timer, for example, when congestion or packet loss occurs within a network. TCP slows down the amount of traffic it sends when congestion is present. Congestion is determined through the lack of acknowledgments received from the destination node.

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