Rip

RIP is a distance-vector protocol that uses hop count as its metric. RIP is an Interior Gateway Protocol (IGP); it performs routing within a single autonomous system.

All these various routing protocols are used in different networks based upon their advantages and disadvantages. This book does not discuss in depth when to choose one over the other, but it is important to understand the basics about each protocol to further understand ways you can assemble IP networks.

It also is important to understand the different transport mechanisms that give IP different characteristics. These transport mechanisms are discussed next.

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