Intruding for Political Purposes

Because economies depend largely on electronic transactions, those economies are vulnerable to disruptions by an attacker. Cyber-warfare does exist and can pose a real threat to any economy. If disruption of an economy is desired, doing so through electronic means might become the ideal method for a number of reasons. These reasons include the ability to launch an attack from virtually any location, low equipment cost, low connectivity cost, and a lack of sufficient protection. In November 2002, a number of the primary Domain Name System (DNS) servers on the Internet were attacked through a distributed denial-of-service (DDoS) attack and were rendered inoperable for a number of hours. Although the motivation for this attack is unknown, a more sophisticated version could dramatically affect Internet traffic and disrupt many organizations that communicate over the Internet. Another more common political motivation is known as hactivism, which is the act of targeting an organization and disrupting its communications or defacing its website for political purposes.

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