There are a number of components on a laptop that might need to be replaced. Remember always to make sure that you have the correct replacement component and tools as recommended by the manufacturer. Some components are hot-swappable, which means that you can remove and replace them while the computer is on. Some components that you might need to replace include the following:
■ Optical drive
Each laptop manufacturer uses unique hardware installation and removal procedures. Check the laptop manual for specific installation information, and follow safety installation and electrostatic discharge (ESD) precautions.
Always disconnect power and remove the battery before installing or removing laptop components that are not hot-swappable. On some laptops, the PC Card, optical drive, and USB devices are hot swappable. However, the internal hard drive, RAM, and battery are not hot swappable.
To replace the battery, follow these steps:
Step 1. Move the battery lock to the unlocked position.
Step 2. Hold the release lever in the unlock position and remove the battery.
Step 3. Insert the replacement battery into the battery bay.
Step 4. Make sure that both battery levers are locked.
To replace the optical drive, follow these steps:
Step 1. Press the button to open the drive and remove any media in the drive. Close the tray.
Step 2. Slide the latch to release the lever that secures the drive. Step 3. Pull on the lever to expose the drive. Remove the drive. Step 4. Insert the replacement drive securely. Step 5. Push the lever inward. To replace the hard drive, follow these steps:
Step 1. On the bottom of the laptop, remove the screw that holds the hard drive in place.
Step 2. Slide the assembly outward and remove it.
Step 3. Remove the hard drive face plate from the hard drive.
Step 4. Attach the hard drive face plate to the replacement hard drive.
Step 5. Slide the hard drive into the hard drive bay.
Step 6. On the bottom of the laptop, install the screw that holds the hard drive in place.
Follow these steps to remove the existing expansion memory, also called Small Outline Dual In-line Memory Module (SODIMM), if there are no available slots for the new SODIMM:
Step 1. Remove the screw to expose the SODIMM.
Step 2. Press outward on the clips that hold the sides of the SODIMM.
Step 3. Lift to loosen the SODIMM from the slot and remove the SODIMM.
Step 4. Install the replacement SODIMM by aligning the notch at a 45-degree angle. Step 5. Gently press down until the clips lock. Step 6. Replace the cover and install the screw. To replace the PC card, follow these steps:
Step 1. Press the top eject button to release the PC expansion card. Note
There are two buttons. The bottom blue button ejects the Type II PC card.
Step 2. Press the blue button inward.
Step 3. Insert the replacement PC expansion card into the express slot. To remove hot-swappable devices, follow these steps:
Step 1. Click the Safely Remove Hardware icon in the Windows system tray to ensure that the device is not in use.
Step 2. Click the device you want to remove. A message pops up to tell you that it is safe to remove the device.
Step 3. Remove the hot-swappable device from the laptop.
Virtual Laptop Activity: Components and Devices
Replace components and devices in the Virtual Laptop. Refer to the Virtual Laptop software on the CD that accompanies this book.
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Read how to maintain and repair any desktop and laptop computer. This Ebook has articles with photos and videos that show detailed step by step pc repair and maintenance procedures. There are many links to online videos that explain how you can build, maintain, speed up, clean, and repair your computer yourself. Put the money that you were going to pay the PC Tech in your own pocket.