Step 4 The NFFC Shortcuts Future Packets

As future packets are sent by Host-A, the NFFC uses the destination IP address to look up the completed shortcut entry created in Step 3. Finding a match, it uses a rewrite engine to modify the necessary header information and then sends the packet directly to Host-B (the packet is not forwarded to the router). The rewrite operation modifies all of the same fields initially modified by the router for the first packet. From Host-B's perspective, it has no idea that the NFFC has intercepted the packet. Figure 11-10 illustrates this operation.

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