Worksheet 549 Answer NTFS and FAT32 Questions

Hard disk drives can be formatted using different file systems. NTFS and FAT32 are file systems used by the Windows XP operating system and provide different file system features.

Answer the following questions about the NTFS and FAT32 file systems:

What is the default cluster size setting when formatting a Windows NTFS partition on a hard disk drive larger than 2 GB?

What is the command used to change a FAT32 partition to an NTFS partition? convert

What is the Master File Table (MFT) and what does it contain?

The MFT is a file on an NTFS volume that contains the name, size, permissions, and the creation and modification date of every file stored on the volume.

What is NTFS journaling?

Journaling is when the operating system keeps a record of all changes to the hard disk drive directory structure in a separate file.

How does journaling help an operating system recover from system failures?

When a power or system failure occurs, the information in the NTFS journal is used to roll back changes to when the system was working properly.

Why is an NTFS partition more secure than FAT32?

NTFS uses permission settings to specify which users can read, write, list, or change files, whereas FAT32 partitions do not.

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