A

AAA services, 239 ABC (Always Best Connected), 76 acceptance policies, 380 access Cisco Systems, 284 direct access to devices, 67 fixed-mobile convergence, 77 ICT spending and, 61 wireless, 250 ACLs (access control lists), 51, 124 Acquisition Management System based on product assessment, 375 actuators, 75 ad hoc networks, 47 addresses, 250 constraints, 237 depletion, IPv4, 400 exhaustion of, 37 history of IPv6 standardization, 19-23 IP, Bechtel Corporation, 295 lifetime, 222 adjustments, 172...

About the Technical Reviewers

Larry Boucher is founder, president, and chief executive officer of Alacritech. His technical and business accomplishments include establishing and building three successful start-up companies and authoring an industry-standard technical specification. He is a recognized leader in the areas of server adapter, storage, and networking technologies. Larry received his MS in electrical engineering from the University of California, Berkeley, and his BS in business administration and his MBA from...

Academic Perspective

As the Internet became an unprecedented business phenomenon it generated more and more interest. One attraction was to model from an economic perspective its unique mode of operation and the opportunities it generates. Another attraction was to investigate the diffusion of new ideas in this environment with unique characteristics for innovation and standardization. Over the past decade, economics and innovation diffusion theories have been jointly leveraged to model various aspects of the...

Alignment with Strategic Objectives

Organizations should ensure that the implementation of a new technology has strategic value to an organization. This alignment requires an understanding of the business and the capabilities of the new technology. The change may not have immediate and direct short-term ROI, but may be the foundation for other more significant changes over time. The alignment discussed below is applicable within the Bechtel context. Each organization should make its own assessment based on its strategic business...

Broadband Access Provider Comcast

In the context of this book's focus on IP, one might be tempted to think of broadband access providers just in terms of the Internet access services they offer. In reality, access providers deliver significant amounts of bandwidth to home users and businesses. Regardless of whether it is delivered over the existing telephone line, over coaxial cable, or over optical fiber, the major asset is the pipe they have all the way to our home or our business. Originally, the access infrastructure was...

Business and Technology News

The need for IPv6 business cases led to the creation of forums and task forces that are promoting the technology and helping with its understanding. The most active of such organizations are the following IPv6 Forum (http www.ipv6forum.com) The IPv6 Forum is a worldwide consortium of leading Internet vendors, Industry Subject Matter Experts, Research & Education Networks, with a clear mission to advocate IPv6 by dramatically improving technology, market, and deployment user and industry...

C

(CMTSs), 161 Cable Television Laboratories, Inc., 121 capabilities for project execution, 302 CAPEX (capital expenditure), 24 capital expenditure (CAPEX), 24 Arch Rock, 331-333 Bechtel Corporation, 300-307 Bouygues Telecom, 224 Cisco Systems, 287-288 Comcast, 158-160 Command Information, 346-348 Factice World Bank, 253-254 Greek School Network, 237-239 Nextel, 174-179 SAVVIS, 211-212 Tata Communications, 196-197 U.S. government, 266-267 case studies, 148-152 Arch Rock, 324-335 Bechtel...

C oN x x

EMEA Asia Pacific Americas 1 Historic and Projected Global ICT Spending by Region The largest single category in ICT spending is communications products and services. Half of the U.S. ICT spending in 2006 was on communications. With IP becoming the primary communications protocol, it is fair to say that the significant investments in ICT reflect the increasing economic value and importance of IP. WITSA data on individual national economies correlates the ICT investments and economic growth....

China

The rapid adoption of the Internet and the accelerated growth and modernization of the economy make IP addresses a strategic resource for China. IPv6 is a natural solution, although the inadequacy of the remaining IPv4 address space is not the primary driver. Chinese companies are receiving the IPv4 addresses requested from APNIC. The Chinese government views the adoption of IPv6 as an opportunity to take a leadership role, both in terms of technology and governance, in the new Internet. This...

Company Profile

According to its corporate information page, Bouygues Telecom was created in 1994 by the Bouygues Group, an organization with focus on traditional (construction, transport) infrastructure development. Bouygues Telecom was the first mobile operator to introduce the talk-plan concept to the French market, in 1996. Through several innovative service plans and services, such as Short Message Service (SMS) messaging and music downloads through a partnership with Universal Music, Bouygues Telecom...

Creating Infrastructure Platforms

The basic deployment of new networking protocols depends, at a minimum, on network elements and host computers supporting the technology. Enabling computing and network platforms to support IPv6 is not an end in itself, but it is an important step in creating environments that lead to further innovations in services, applications, and product development. Market demand, however, is essential in driving the industry to continue adding IPv6 capabilities to products. 37. The build it and they will...

Defining the Standards

Many organizations find that involvement in defining new standards or extending existing standards might be a required step to the development of new products and services. Traditional standards bodies as well as industry-specific consortia are places where this is common. A standards ecosystem has evolved where parallel standards development efforts are interdependent. The core IPv6 standards are the basis for changes in several other standards. Although there is no immediate ROI for...

Does IPv6 Deliver Plugand Play Autoconfiguration

When mainframes and mini computers were the only devices running IP, autoconfiguration was not really an important feature, because devices were statically configured. With the proliferation of personal computers (PC), for scalable device management and reuse of resources, some dynamic autoconfiguration mechanisms became necessary. In IPv4, autoconfiguration relies on the Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) (see RFC 4776), which is today extensively used in both enterprises and service...

Does IPv6 Offer Better QoS

Quality of service (QoS) in IP networks is delivered in the context of two architectures Differentiated Services (DiffServ) Relies on each network element allocating resources to the forwarding of a packet based on a 6-bit classifier (differentiated code point) carried in the packet header Integrated Services (IntServ) Relies on the RSVP signaling protocol to set up resources along the path of packets with given transport requirements These architectural models are defined for both IPv4 and...

Does IPv6 Provide Increased Security

Today, security is certainly one of the biggest challenges faced by network managers. Any enhancement to security is always welcomed by operational teams. When reading that IPv6 is more secure than IPv4, it is natural to become more interested in the new protocol. In fact, several past business cases have had as a supporting argument the increased security of IPv6. So, is IPv6 more secure than IPv4 or is it just a misunderstanding turned into an IPv6 marketing pitch The source of the enhanced...

Does IPv6 Support Multihomed Sites

Top Down Profiling

It is often stated that multihoming of sites is an IPv6 problem. Multihoming is not a protocol problem. In the case of IPv6, the challenges are due to a set of prefix allocation policies enforced by the RIRs. Multihoming is widely used by enterprises for the following reasons Connect sites of a network with global reach Organizations with multinational infrastructures will connect to multiple service providers in different countries. Backup for the link to the SP An enterprise can have several...

Education Greek School Network

By exposing young students to advanced networking technologies such as IPv6, we influence the communication and collaboration paradigms of future Citizens. Dr. Athanassios Liakopoulos, Network Operation & Support Manager, and Dr. Dimitrios Kalogeras, Senior Researcher Formal education represents an essential component of individual and societal development. At all levels of the education system, schools provide the information and training that helps individuals acquire fundamental and...

Educational and Information Resources

There are multiple sources of information regarding IPv6, each catering to one of the categories mentioned above. Some resources are free to those who are interested in a self-study approach or are just starting to get familiar with IPv6. An example of such a source of information is the European 6DISS project (http www.6diss.org). 6DISS is a Specific Support Action in the 6th Framework Program of the European Union. The project aims to promote widespread adoption of IPv6 by providing IPv6...

Enabling Education

Education is essential to shaping socially integrated citizens and competent contributors to the society. The education standards and practices become more important in a global society in which a highly educated workforce easily can be leveraged from all over the world. The success of an educated workforce is reflected in the competitiveness of the population. Matching the digital revolution, educational concepts and practices have changed dramatically. Easy and rapid access to information,...

Establishing Leadership Through New Services

Growth in market share and revenue is often derived by the introduction of new products and services. Market introduction timing needs to match anticipated customer demand. Introduction too late may cause a company to lose position relative to its competition. Long-term loss of revenue may be one result. Development of a product or service too early may divert funds from other critical areas, or result in a product that is based on an immature foundation, requiring additional update funds....

Facilitating and Stimulating Growth

Over the past decade IP environments have been growing at unprecedented rates. This growth has been driven by multiple factors, which stretched the networks not only in size but also in the capabilities required to support new services. The Internet's rapid adoption provides the service providers with a tremendous source of business growth. Internet access is no longer a luxury but a commodity in most household service portfolios. Figure 3-4 shows the growth from 2002 to 2007 in the number of...

Factice World Bank Exploratory Case Study

It was impossible to find a financial institution fully dedicated to the IPv6 integration however, several were investigating the potential technology benefits and challenges. This exploratory case study tries to be as close as possible from all comments received by the people interviewed at the financial institutions. Patrick Grossetete, Chip Popoviciu, Fred Wettling Social networking is one of today's buzz words, but the concept is rather old. There is one social network that has been in...

Global IPv6 Strategies

From Business Analysis to Operational Planning Patrick Grossetete, Ciprian Popoviciu, Fred Wettling Copyright 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without written permission from the publisher, except for the inclusion of brief quotations in a review. Printed in the United States of America...

Government Agencies Early Adopters

An August 2, 2005, memorandum from the Executive Office of the President, Office of Management and Budget, triggered an intense wave of activity to address the strategic deployment of IPv6 within all U.S. federal agencies As I stated in my testimony of June 29, 2005, before the House Committee on Government Reform, we have set June 2008 as the date by which all agencies' infrastructure (network backbones) must be using IPv6 and agency networks must interface with this infrastructure. This...

Government Sponsored Adoption

A government has many resources and instruments that can be leveraged to stimulate and accelerate the adoption of a technology or the deployment of an infrastructure deemed strategically important to the national economy. There are many examples where governments sponsored and drove technology adoption in the public sector. Looking at some of the modern technologies, examples include the public switched telephone network (PSTN) that provides universal access to phone service, the upgrade of...

H

Hain, Tony, 37 handover, seamless, 219 hardware computing platforms, 123 ICT spending, 59 U.S. government, 273 HD (Host-Density) ratio, 26 HDTV (high-definition TV) programming, 1G5 health-care information, 3 high densities of subscribers, 218 high-definition TV (HDTV) programming, 1G5 history of IPv6 standardization, 19-23 hobbies, pursuing, 3 Hoffmann, Lionel, 22G Hokkaido, 1G7 holographic telepresence, 4G2 home Internet connections, dependence on, 7 Hong, Wei, 328 Host-Density (HD) ratio, 26...

How This Book Is Organized

The structure of the book was developed to start with the larger context of the economic and business importance of IP communications and to gradually focus on the various aspects of the IP upgrade. One chapter is dedicated to debunking some of the common IPv6 technology myths in order to set a realistic baseline for the discussion. The review of perspectives on IPv6 is paired with examples of developed and implemented adoption strategies. The final chapter provides IPv6 integration planning...

I

Association), 12G IAB (Internet Advisory Board), 2G Authority), 21, 210 ICANN (Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers), 21, 124 Configuration Board), 4 ICCP (Information, Computer, and Communications Policy), S7 Icont for Gate Management System, 132 government-sponsored, 105-114 mandates, 94-105 national, 90-94 enabling education, 69-71 impact on productivity, 58-61 Japan, 108 local industry development, 68-69 stimulating innovation, 66-68 WSIS, 62-65 environments), 136 IEEE...

Industry Perspective

The primary challenges to IPv6 adoption come from wrong perspectives and major misunderstandings with respect to its role and its value. Throughout this book, we have highlighted these problems and addressed them following are some of the primary problems IPv6 is not a feature One common perspective is that IPv6 is a feature that can be turned on to provide new capabilities. The problem with this perspective is that it greatly underestimates the task of integrating IPv6 and it minimizes the...

Information Technology Networking Cisco Systems

To keep the human network running as the global growth engine it has become, we must integrate and transition to IPv6. IPv4 simply cannot keep up with the potential change that the network will create. Craig Huegen, Cisco, Director IT Network Architecture The Internet Protocol has become an intrinsic component of most if not all information communications technology companies today. For evident business reasons, they are naturally aware, through the requirements placed on their products, of...

Introduction

The continued evolution and operation of the Internet as a truly global asset faces multiple challenges impending exhaustion of the global IPv4 address space, new operating systems and applications, next generation infrastructures, and demand for always-on connectivity for a growing variety of devices. The requirements of a new Internet, the pressure generated by the lack of resources for the existing one, and government mandates are just a few drivers for the soaring interest in IPv6 and the...

IP Infrastructure Characteristics

FWB's IT infrastructure is still largely heterogeneous because it has made a few acquisitions over the past four years. Nevertheless, the IT department decided to standardize the deployment of Cisco equipment for campus and WAN routers. The merger of regional banks, opening and closing of branch offices, and starting new overseas operations are part of the IT department's regular activities. To support its branch operations, FWB has negotiated the outsourcing of its WAN to a global ISP that is...

IP Infrastructure Strategic Assets

With IP networks taking on more and more responsibilities by supporting more services, it is only natural that these networks be recognized as strategic resources. This characteristic of today's IP network is independent of its scope or purpose as it has edged into all aspects of our lives. Let's look at what-if scenarios for a dramatic assessment of our dependence on the Internet Home What if your home loses IP connectivity to the Internet Your VoIP telephones will not operate, you will not be...

IP Todays Constraints and Tomorrows Solutions

Despite 15 years' worth of efforts to develop, implement, and deploy a new version of IP, IPv6 lovers and IPv6 haters still argue about what IPv6 can do and cannot do. This debate has resulted in many myths and rumors, which often are contradicted by facts and papers, such as The Case for IPv6, which was published as a draft RFC in 1999 (draft-ietf-iab-case-for-ipv6-06.txt). To offer a realistic and honest perspective on the benefits and challenges of the new protocol, this section addresses...

Pv6 Address Planning

One critical technical aspect of the IPv6 integration project is that of planning the IPv6 addressing scheme. This process must be initiated well in advance of deployment and cannot be properly executed without extensive training in the following IPv6 address architecture (RFC 4291) IPv6 allocation policies defined by each regional registry AFRINIC (http www.afrinic.net policy.htm), APNIC (http www.apnic.net policy index.html), ARIN LACNIC and RIPE (http www.ripe.net rs ipv6 index.html) IPv6...

Pv6 in Other Standards

In addition to products and services, IPv6 is being adopted in standards that enterprises are implementing. Table 6-6 lists some of these standards. 3GPP (3rd Generation Partnership Project) SNIA (Storage Networking Industry Association) DMTF (Distributed Management Task Force) OASIS (Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards) SMI-S (Storage Management Initiative Specification) http www.wimaxforum.org http www.3gpp.org http www.dmtf.org http www.oasis-open.org Table...

Pv6 Planning and Implementation

Based on internal requirements, on market demand, and on its vision for the future service offerings, Sprint has a multifaceted business case for IPv6 that targets the following overall services Enable existing services for IPv6 Enable SprintLink for dual-stack to support the Internet access services initially offered over the IPv6 evaluation network. Provide VPNv6 services to enterprises. Offer managed services for IPv6-capable customer premises equipment. Value-added services With rapidly...

Is IPv6 Required for Mobility

Before addressing the topic, it is important to clarify what mobility really means for a given environment. Over the past few years, mobility became a fashionable term used in many marketing presentations. Nevertheless, it is not always related to IP. So, let's start with a few definitions Mobile client A mobile client is a device such as a laptop, PDA, smartphone, iPod, or sensor that regularly changes location but does not necessarily have its own network interface. For example, an Apple iPod...

IT Profile

The OSs currently deployed in FWB's infrastructure and those it plans to use going forward are listed in Table 5-26. Table 5-26 Factice World Bank IT Profile Operating Systems Table 5-26 Factice World Bank IT Profile Operating Systems Windows Vista and Windows Server 2008 Table 5-26 Factice World Bank IT Profile Operating Systems (Continued) Table 5-26 Factice World Bank IT Profile Operating Systems (Continued) The IT department is running around 3000 applications over the Internet, 80 percent...

Japan and South Korea

The Japanese government was one of the first to highlight the national importance of ICT and, particularly, an IP access infrastructure. Japanese Prime Minister Yoshiro Mori's September 21, 2000, policy speech to the Japanese Parliament (Diet) was designed to strategically position the country for the 21st century, socially and economically. Prime Minister Mori identified the IT revolution as a national movement as the most important pillar in the rebirth of 16. Japan. Ubiquitous access to...

Lessons Learned

Many of the federal agencies who took on the role of IPv6 early adopter have often done the same thing in the past with other technologies or applications. These organizations are familiar with both the challenges and opportunities of early adoption and have generally demonstrated strong commitment to modernizing their IT infrastructures and to pursuing new IP-enabled services. While some of these agencies started evaluating IPv6 before 2005, the OMB mandate provides additional momentum and...

National Strategies

The ICT revolution is a relatively young phenomenon. Businesses just started to see quantifiable returns toward the end of the 1990s and their investments in ICT have been growing exponentially ever since. The results of the adoption were soon reflected at the macroeconomic level. In most countries, ICT investments resulted in increased productivity and new access to remote markets. In a few countries, an entire ICT industry developed and became a significant contributor to the gross domestic...

Network and IT Profile

In terms of the number of IP devices, Comcast operates one of the largest infrastructures in the world. Comcast's infrastructure is made out of at least 21 converged regional-area networks (CRAN) that provide cable TV and IP services to the subscribers in a market or a region. The CRANs are connected by a 3. common, high-speed backbone that enables them to share high-bandwidth content and information. The access network is a DOCSIS-based, bridged cable environment. The OSs currently deployed in...

Networked Sensor Technology Arch Rock

The next step for the Internet is for it to be embedded into the physical world, allowing users to remotely interact with things, spaces, assets, and the environment at large. Roland Acra, President and CEO of Arch Rock In its simplest, most basic form, the title of this section, Networked Sensor Technology, encompasses a huge field of technology and product developments with significant implications for both economic and quality-of-life improvements. The technology's impact is felt in areas...

Opportunities to Develop Local Industry

As discussed earlier, IPv6 adoption will stimulate innovation in a relatively greenfield environment. This makes it easier for new companies to penetrate the ICT markets with point products or entire solutions. With IPv6, the government's intention to develop a national ICT industry and promote ICT-based innovations can facilitate and support the growth of new companies. National ICT companies focusing on IPv6 can leapfrog traditional, imported ICT technologies in either isolated and...

Organization Profile

The Greek School Network (GSN) is the educational intranet of the Ministry for National Education and Religious Affairs of Greece (http www.sch.gr ). It provides IP connectivity and IT services to the majority of primary and secondary schools in Greece. The GSN environment facilitates the development of new learning communities and the integration of IT technologies and services in the educational process. The profile of the GSN is summarized in Table 5-20. Table 5-20 Greek School Network...

Perspective on IPv6

Sprint's perspective on IPv6 reflects its long-term investigation of the protocol suite and its exposure to a wide spectrum of customers with varied service requirements. From a protocol analysis perspective, Sprint identifies several benefits of IPv6 adoption Address space scalability IPv6 offers sufficient resources to address the needs of users and to provide new IP-based services to a growing range of device types. The address space enables more scalable and simplified address schemes that...

Product Assessment

Bechtel continues to work closely with its technology partners to understand and communicate IPv6 capabilities in ways that can be used throughout the lifecycle of each product and service that is in use or planned. They have found that a platform-based approach is very effective. Table 6-3 is an example of this approach, with platforms listed on the vertical axis and IPv6 capabilities and applications listed on the horizontal axis. Bechtel tracked vendor-reported IPv6-supportable services and...

Professional Services Command Information

IPv6 represents one of the greatest advancements to the Internet in the past 20 years. It will allow us to realize a potential from the network we've been unable to access due to the limitations of the current version of Internet Protocol. While organizations need to integrate IPv6 in an economically sensible fashion, failure to begin that integration process today will only yield higher integration costs in the future, as well as loss of market leadership and missed opportunities to be an...

Project Goals

The goals of the IPv6 project are essential in defining the resources necessary for its planning and later for its implementation. There are multiple options and they are often organization- or business-specific. The following list provides several examples of IPv6 project goals of varying complexities Launch of a targeted, tactical project for which IPv6 is not yet important but for which security policies and monitoring capabilities must be updated to address the presence of IPv6-capable...

Project Plan Development

From this point on, the planning discussion focuses on projects with a larger scope, projects that pursue the integration of IPv6 in an existent infrastructure. The process is in great measure incremental and evolutionary, similar to the experience of adopting the web. The following steps are to be expected Develop a strategy to achieve the future state. Prioritize activities while considering dependencies. After the strategic perspective on IPv6 is established at the business level and the...

Project Scope

The goals of the project identify the IT environment elements that would be involved in its implementation. Nevertheless, the nature of the project influences its coverage. For example, an enterprise that is ready to interface with regional IPv6 ISPs requires localized coverage, whereas an ISP that delivers video content in accordance with national regulation that requires the service to be available to a service provider's entire subscriber base needs global coverage. The project coverage can...

Project Timeline

The overall migration to an IPv6-only network will probably take a long time and is likely to be achieved through either multiple projects or a single multiphase project. Similar to any technology integration, planning of each step has to meet the delivery dates while taking into consideration multiple timelines, some under the control of the organization and some not Equipment refresh schedules Equipment and software certification cycle Timelines of related projects Manufacturer product and...

Real Life Case of Updating Purchasing Policies

Let's evaluate a real-life case of updating purchasing policies. At the beginning of 2005, a service provider was running an IP network based on Cisco 12000 series routers equipped with Engine 0, 2, 3, and 4 based line cards. Under pressure from a couple of its customers who requested IPv6 connectivity, the service provider did a network assessment, which clearly identified the need to upgrade all line cards to Engine 5 in order to offer IPv6 services at production level and on a large scale....

Requirements Driven by Mandate Responses

In the United States, government-mandated and government-sponsored IPv6 adoptions have provided clear direction that some form of change will be required. The U.S. federal mandates were even more prescriptive, with specific target dates. Earlier in 2007, the U.S. GSA awarded two very large ten-year Networx contracts to The Nextworx program offers comprehensive, best value telecommunications providing for new technologies, industry partners and ways to achieve a more efficient, and effective...

ROI for Services Supported by IPv6

In recent years U.S. cable TV multiple system operators (MSO) interconnected their various market-contained networks via powerful, nationwide backbones. Although private IPv4 address space was sufficient to manage the devices within a given market, in a consolidated environment, RFC 1918 (private address space) does not offer enough resources to manage the pooled devices. From a technical perspective, the MSOs would always have the option of federating their nationwide network, reuse the...

S

Applications, 209 Saitama Building, 132 Sandia National Laboratories (SNL), 271 case for IPv6, 211-212 case study, 204-216 company profile, 205-206 infrastructure, 209-210 lessons learned, 215-216 network profile, 206-207 perspective on IPv6, 210-211 planning and implementation, 212-215 Data Acquisition), 9 scalability, 57 address space, 172 infrastructure at Comcast, 131 addresses, 283 addressing, 272 renumbering, 50-51 Schreyer, Paul, 58 scope, project, 309, 366-368 SCTE (Society of Cable...

Service Provider Sprint Nextel

Sprint has been testing IPv6 applications with customers for over a decade. With the expansion of IP infrastructures worldwide, IP addresses have become strained, particularly with the emergence of always on applications. The general availability of IPv6 will not only expand that address space but will add an additional level of security, will foster network efficiencies and will accommodate application growth. Our Federal customers are leading that transition. Tony D'Agata, Vice President,...

Standards Compliancy and Interoperability Information

As with any new protocol suite, the industry needs to define and ensure standards compliancy and full interoperability among products from various vendors. Over the past ten years, it was an objective of several test environments to validate the IPv6 implementations. Official agencies and events also work on testing and publishing reports on the topic. Table 6-5 provides a non-exhaustive list of organizations involved in the IPv6 certification process. Keep in mind that IPv6 is not a feature it...

Summary

This chapter reminds us, if not reveals some new aspects, of IP's importance in our lives and our organizations. It presents the many aspects of IP communications that subconsciously or unknowingly we include in the now ubiquitous term Internet. It highlights how much our business and our economy depends on reliable IP communications and how this dependence will continue to increase over time. Through a few simple examples, the IP infrastructure clearly comes across as a strategic asset that a...

The Business Case for IPv6

To a large degree, mass adoption of new technology is fueled by a person's vision of What's in it for me Can the new technology improve my business operations Can I use it to provide a new profitable service Is adoption needed to stay competitive Will the new technology enrich my personal life At the end of the '70s, few of the IP designers envisioned the rapid and widespread adoption of IP IP became the convergence layer for communication services in many industry segments such as home, mobile...

The Case for IPv6

Tata Communications global presence exposed it early on to various levels of request for and interest in IPv6. Based on this market feedback, the business case for offering IPv6 connectivity at Tier 1 level was evident as long as the new service was incremental and had no impact on existent services. From a global Tier 1 network perspective, IPv6 was viewed as a powerful differentiator in the marketplace and an enabler to increase its customer base by attracting customers planning for a future...

The Costs of an IP Evolution

The thought of transitioning such vast and operationally critical infrastructures as the IP networks from one version to another is daunting. At first sight the expected costs appear very large, and the question that immediately and naturally comes to everyone's mind is What is the return on such a large investment The networking world and its IPv6 community lived for a very long time under the heavy weight of the return on investment (ROI) question a question that became very common...

The Economies of Scale and the Growth of IP Infrastructures

Despite its incredible growth, the Internet and the many networks it comprises has yet to take full advantage of the economies of scale for the services we are familiar with at home, on the road, and at our desks in the office. The adoption of IP continues at an accelerated rate, and drives the need for an ever-increasing infrastructure that supports a large, growing user base. More interesting, however, is the fact that this growth is not capped by the world population. In fact, over the past...

The Global Information Society WSIS

In a short period of time, the Internet adoption introduced IP in all aspects of our lives, whether we know it or not. The Internet's rapid adoption and its overall success can be credited to multiple factors but primarily to its operating and development principles. The Internet, as envisioned by its founders, is a network of networks and operates in a highly distributed, nonregulated manner. Its management and governance are developed and implemented locally by the user community....

The IPv6 Team

IPv6 is not just a technology exercise. The work scope is broad, touching all aspects of IT in the enterprise. The success of Bechtel's IPv6 deployment can be mainly attributed to the people involved. Here are some of the primary team members in Bechtel's IPv6 deployment Senior IS& T management Bechtel's corporate IS& T leadership was involved in the discussion and decision about the company's IPv6 deployment from the beginning. They are involved in funding decisions and the priority of...

The Macroeconomic and National Perspective

The past few decades have seen tremendous developments in information and communications technology (ICT). These developments have lead to significantly increased capabilities available at lower prices. The computational capacity of devices grew by two orders of magnitude over the last three decades while the equipment prices decreased at a rate of 8 percent a year. This trend facilitates access to IT while increasing its contribution to users' productivity. Early studies raised doubts about...

Vendor and Application References

Over the years, most vendors have developed or enhanced their IPv6 implementations and published product information, technology-related white papers, and other documents related to their existent and planned IPv6 support. As examples, refer to Cisco http www.cisco.com ipv6 Linux IPv6 http www.bieringer.de linux IPv6 3. IETF Benchmarking Methodology WG Status Pages, Microsoft http www.microsoft.com ipv6 Global Crossing It is nearly impossible to publish a full list of vendors in a book. This is...

W

Walled-in garden environments, 148 WANs (wide-area networks), 9 web filtering services, 239 web hosting, Greek School Network, 239 web proxy services, 239 Wettling, Fred, 318 WG (working group), 20 Whitcomb, Laura, 8 WIDE project, 115 wide-area networks. See WANs Wi-Fi (wireless fidelity), 13 Wilson, Jeff, 8 for Microwave Access), 13 Windows Mobile, 219 wireless access, 250 wireless fidelity. See Wi-Fi wireless personal-area network (WPAN), 121 WITSA (World Information Technology and Services...

What Comes Next for IP Communications

IP by itself is only the network layer that enables applications and services to communicate. Its real value is tied to the evolution of other technologies, such as Physical and network connections Examples include wireless technologies such as Wi-Fi (wireless fidelity), WiMAX (Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access), IEEE 802.15.4, 3G 4G, and 802.11p high-speed technologies such as Packet over SONET, Gigabit Ethernet, and 10 Gigabit (and 40 and 100 Gigabit in the future) Ethernet and...

Where to Go from Here

Although the industry has reached consensus regarding the inevitability of an IP upgrade, the time to start on that path is largely dependent on the market an organization belongs to, on its long-term vision, and on the national and international environment in which it operates. The timing of an IPv6 adoption is ultimately similar to that of adopting other technologies. It is the result of balancing the benefits and expenses of being an early adopter with the risks of being a late adopter. The...

Be a Follower

If you are a follower, the problems you face are that you might loose leadership and that early adopters might not solve the problems specific to your environment. A rapid IPv6 ramp-up is not simple, and can be expensive. And, there may be little time left to wait. Being a follower creates a downstream impact of having to react to certain change. Having an unidentified protocol running on an enterprise network can be a potential security threat, if undetected. Current versions of several...

IP and Sensor Networks

Arch Rock is focusing not only on sensor technologies but also on their integration into the larger ecosystem of Internet technologies Wireless sensor networking is critical for broad and immediate access to sensory information. The technology removes the physical boundaries that shackle instruments, bringing sensing to places and things previously unobservable and creating networks to make that information readily accessible. Equally important are leading-edge Internet and Web technologies...

ROI for Services Supported by IPv6 Continued

In this simple, theoretical example, Comcast would spend 0.36 for provisioning each subscriber in a centralized model that could not be supported by IPv4. In a federated environment, the inefficiencies in the use of licenses raises the provisioning costs to 0.64 per subscriber. MSOs typically target a maximum cost of 0.50 per subscriber. These estimates do not include, for example, the cost savings for staff, which would also be reduced in a centralized model. The major U.S. cable providers...

Mandated Adoption

In 2003, the interest in IPv6 integration was almost nonexistent in the U.S. market. Even though ICT companies such as Cisco Systems, Apple Computer, and Microsoft were already developing IPv6-capable products, their requirements came primarily from non-U.S. customers. Despite tireless efforts by organizations such as the North American IPv6 Task Force6 and the IPv6 Forum7 to increase IPv6 awareness among businesses, and despite visibly increased attention paid to IPv6 in the Asian markets,...

Mobile Provider Bouygues Telecom

IP is certainly one of the key successes of the future world of convergence between telcos and IT departments that has already been on the move for several years through the evolution of traditional TDM networks to New Generation Networks. More specifically, the adoption of the new version of IP, IPv6, is of crucial importance because its new features, especially its unlimited capabilities of addressing, are required for future growth. As a consequence, IPv6 will play a major role by enabling...

Tier 1 Service Provider Tata Communications

As a Tier 1 provider of IP wholesale transit services, early adoption of IPv6 has provided us a powerful differentiator in the market place. Now it is the turn of national and regional networks to also reap the benefits of early adoption with their enterprise and retail customer base. Private enterprise networks themselves now start to identify competitive advantages that early use of IPv6 will bring them within their respective industry sectors. Yves Poppe, Director Business Development, Tata...

South Korea

South Korea's strategy on IPv6 shares many similarities with Japan's. Korea had specific per capita GDP goals and was aware of the increasingly positive effect of ICT on the Korean economy, including its exports and trade surplus. The government emphasized the importance of ICT and actively supported the development of the IP infrastructure. The Korean Ministry of Information and Communication (MIC) drew up the IT839 Strategy in 2003 to specifically focus on services, infrastructure, and...

Establishing Leadership Through Innovation

Not all IPv6 adoption efforts are mandated or driven by fears of address exhaustion. There is a lot of innovation happening on IPv6. In some cases IPv6 simply provides the resources for a cleaner implementation of an idea, while in others it offers protocol capabilities that lead to better solutions. A better understanding of IPv6, familiarity and experience with it, and sometimes an IPv6-enabled test or development environment naturally lead to new ideas. These new ideas translate into new...

National Research Environments and Projects

The Internet and the World Wide Web emerged from successful research projects sponsored by the U.S. government. The tremendous return on that investment is impossible to measure. Sponsoring research projects and environments remains one of the most important and least expensive tools available to governments to stimulate innovation and maintain scientific and technological competitiveness. IPv6 will be the foundation of the next generation Internet. Why not repeat the research sponsored...