Summary Ethernet Cabling

Ethernet networks can be built with a variety of cabling types, as covered in this chapter. Table 11-4 summarizes the types of cable and main features, with some comments about disadvantages and advantages of each.

Table 11-4 Summary of Ethernet Cabling Types

Maximum Length, Single Segment

Maximum Speed for Ethernet

Relative Cost

Advantages

Disadvantages

UTP

100 m

1 Gbps

Low

Easy to install, commonly available, popular

Susceptible to interference, limited distance

STP

100 m

100 Mbps

Medium

Low emissions, less susceptible to interference

Difficult to work with, limited distance

Coaxial

500 m (thicknet) 185 m (thinnet)

100 Mbps

Medium

Least susceptible to interference of all copper media

Difficult to work with (thicknet), single cable problem fails whole network

Fiber

10 km+ (SM) 2 km+ (MM)

10 Gbps (MM)

High

More secure, long distances, not susceptible to EMI, highest speeds

Difficult to terminate when attaching connectors

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