Campus LANs

A campus LAN connects two or more buildings located near each other using high-bandwidth LAN media. Usually the media (for example, copper or fiber) is owned. High-speed switching devices are recommended to minimize latency. In today's networks, Gigabit Ethernet campus backbones are the standard for new installations. In Figure 4-13, campus buildings are connected by using Layer 3 switches with Gigabit Ethernet media.

Figure 4-13 Campus LANs

Ensure that a hierarchical design is implemented on the campus LAN and that network layer addressing is assigned to control broadcasts on the networks. Each building should have addressing assigned in such a way as to maximize address summarization. Apply contiguous subnets to buildings at the bit boundary to apply summarization and ease the design. Campus networks can support high-bandwidth applications such as video conferencing. Although most WAN implementations are configured to support only IP, legacy LANs may still be configured to support IPX and AppleTalk.

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