Hierarchical IP Address Design and Summarization

A hierarchical IP address design means that addresses are assigned in a hierarchical manner, rather than randomly. The telephone network provides a good analogy. This network is divided into countries, which in turn are divided into areas and local exchanges. Phone numbers are assigned based on location. For example, in North America, 10-digit phone numbers represent a 3-digit area code, a 3-digit central office code, and a 4-digit line number. So if you are in Europe and you want to call...